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Ancient Greece Study Guide
1. The ancient Greeks worshipped the sea god Poseidon. What does this tell you about Greek
2. Many factors shaped the lives of ancient Greeks. What would be an example of how a
geographic factor affected them? What did the mountains do to them?
3. The ancient Greeks in Athens did not like to travel on land because?
4. What was the name of the landform on which Athens Greece is located?
5. Ancient Greece raised sheep instead of cattle, grew olive trees instead of wheat, and lived in
isolated communities instead of a united country. What factor accounts for the qualities of
Greek life listed below?
6. What was one result of ancient Greeks not having enough farmland to feed themselves?
7. What is one way that Sparta's geography affected its attitude or actions?
8. Sparta got the land it needed by conquering its neighbors. What happened after Sparta
conquered a neighboring land?
9. Why might the Persians have thought it would be easy to conquer Greece?
10. The Parthenon was built high atop a hill in Athens. What does this location reveal about the
11. How did tyrants sometimes lose their power?
12. This form of government has one ruler that has inherited their power, and passes their
leadership onto their son.
13. What form of government was made up of two or three leaders making all the decisions?
14. How were laws in a Monarchy developed?
15. What best describes a difference between a King and a tyrant?
16. What best describes the democracy in Athens?
17. What are some of the Greeks make major contributions?
18. Who might have made this statement? "I was in the army when people started complaining
about the oligarchy. The rich were getting richer and the poor were getting poorer. So I
stepped forward , and with help from the people, I became the leader."
19. Alexander helped the Greek city-states unite by
20. What does it mean to say that Alexander conquered by kindness?
21. How might Alexander have described his approach to unifying his empire?
22. What would Socrates have liked about the way Greeks approached their studies?
23. Greece contributed to our language today. The word geography comes from the Greek
words meaning what?
24. With which field are Pythagoras and Euclid associated?
25. What does the Columns on the Lincoln Memorial tell us about ancient Greek?