Ancient Greek and Roman Literature Study Guide for the Test History • Greece civilization began on Crete. • Called Minoan after King Minos (minotaur guy!) • This era known as the Heroic Age, because of the Heroes of Myths/Homer’s Stories • Greeks called themselves Hellenes History • • • • • Olympic games created during this time Lyric Poetry – personal instead of heroes Sparta vs Athens Athens creates democratic govt. Drama – profound questions about human suffering, individual free will, moral responsibility, and the limits of knowledge History • Socrates, Plato, Aristotle – Philosophers • Peloponnesian War ends Athens rule • Aeneid says a Trojan Prince founded Rome. • Julius Caesar stabbed to death on March 15 – Beware the Ides of March • Rome splits into two Empires (East/West) and slowly declines Epic • • • • • Invocation In medias res Epic Similes Stock epithets An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, and heroic episodes and written in a high style • Know conventions and characteristics! The Iliad • Literary Focus – Flashback and Foreshadowing • Know the 3 Greek Beliefs • Characters – Be able to match them to their sides and know how to describe the important ones • Be able to answer simple plot questions Oedipus Rex • Literary Focus – Dramatic Irony • Be able to define Tragedy, Tragic Flaw, Hubris, and Catharsis • Discuss Themes – Fate vs Free Will, Quest for Identity/Truth, Nature of Innocence vs Guilt, or Nature of Moral Responsibility • Greek Drama – Know it!