CARDIOVASCULAR STUDY GUIDE PM Study Session TEST dates 1. Erythrocytes – other name, shape, function, where are they produced in adults? what is this called? what is hemoglobin? 2. Leukocytes- other name, function, most numerous, least abundant, largest, which one contains a large round nucleus? 3. Thrombocytes – other name, description, function, what is hemostasis? 4. What is plasma? what’s in it? 5. What is coagulation? What is the basic event in the formation of a blood clot? What does Thrombin do in the blood coagulation process? Explain the blood clotting process. (Use the chart but turn into complete sentences) 6. What determines ABO blood type? Where are antigens found? Where are antibodies found? 7. What are the possible ABO blood types? What antigens and antibodies do each contain? 8. Who is the universal donor? universal recipient? what does this mean? 9. Possible genetic combinations…. 10. Where is the heart located? What is the major difference between the right and left side? Why is it called a double pump? 11. Heart diagram – tissues (peri, epi, myo, endo), structures (4 chambers, 4 valves, pulmonary trunk, aorta, vena cavas, pulmonary arteries and veins), and flow of blood. 12. Describe systemic and cardiopulmonary circulation. 13. Explain the cardiac cycle. What’s happening and when? 14. What does each wave represent in the ECG pattern? (Repolarization and Depolarization) 15. Arteries – carry _______ blood, ______ the heart under _____ pressure. 16. Veins – carry _____ blood, _____ the heart and have _____ walls. 17. Capillaries – are the smallest ______, have _____ walls, which allow for?