Hansen U.S. History Unit I Lecture- Causes of the American Revolution ►I) Long Term Causes • 1. British Tradition of Challenging ____________________ – ____________________(1215)- first European document to ____________ the power of a king – The __________________________- British overthrew an unpopular king (James II) and ______________________with a more popular one – The Glorious Revolution Encouraged uprisings against British authority in ________________ 2. The Enlightenment ____________________ – The search for the __________________ of society and government encouraged people to ___________ __________________________________themselves 3. Locke’s Ideas – __________________________ – If government fails to protect rights people can ________________________________ government – Influenced many founding fathers (ex: __________ _______________________________) – His Ideas Appear throughout the _______________ ___________________________________________ 4. The Great ____________________ – Religious ___________________ Movement – Preachers who led it felt that traditional church services were too focused on __________and failed to _________________________________ with their audiences – Encouraged the ___________________________ (movement de-emphasized importance of ___________________________________________) – The _________ were the _____ , not the leaders (do you see how this religious issue thus contributes to the ______________________? Importance of the Long Term Causes – Helped Colonists Feel ___________ by __________ _________________________________ that Surpassed Their Religious, Economic, and Regional ____________________________ Name _____________________ Period _________ Note-Taking Guide ► II) More Immediate Causes 1. The French and _________ War – War between the ____________________________ against the French/Indians over _____________ in North America – First battle was started by a young and unknown American military officer. Guess who?________ – British/Colonists ________, but the _______of the war strained the relationship _______________________ – War caused Brits to fall into ___________ & they wanted the _______________ to pay • Colonists wanted to ____________________________ Britain acquired as part of the war without British ____________ 2. British Policies – Proclamation of 1763 • _________________________________ _________________________________ – New Taxes! • ________, __________, _______________ and Tea Acts all place new taxes on colonists • Colonists react with protest (ex: Boston _____ ________) – ________________ • required colonists to provide ________________ ____________ ______________to British troops (continued) 1774 _ ______________ Acts ( _____________ Acts) – Result of Tea Party – ___________for Boston – Closed Boston Harbor, changed the government of Massachusetts __________ ___________________________ more power – ____________ all colonies that they would lose the ________________________they had 3). Colonial Political Action • A. Committee of Correspondence (1772) – Formed to coordinate __________________ _____________________________________ • B. First Continental Congress (1774) – ________________________ by the Committee of Correspondence – Met with _____________________________ – Decided to ____________ British goods, create a ____________, and to send a letter to King George asking for _________________ _____________________________________ • C. The Patriots Organize – Following First Continental Congress, colonists create their military – the ____________________________ (Patriots) ► III) The War • • • British Were a _____________________ – Time to put these _________ colonists in their place The Colonists Decide _________________ Colonists ______, partially because of their _________________________ advantage and partly because __________________ (traditional enemies of Britain) see a nice way to get _______________ for the French and Indian Wars and Join in • So the Revolution is Over- There’s Just One Small Matter Remaining: _______________________________? 1. British Tradition of Challenging Unjust Government 2.The Enlightenment 3. Locke’s Ideas 4.The Great Awakening 1.British Tradition of Challenging Unjust Government • Magna Carta (1215)- first European document to limit the power of a king • The Glorious Revolution- British overthrew an unpopular king (James II) and replaced him with a more popular one • The Glorious Revolution Encouraged uprisings against British authority in Mass, NY, & Maryland 2. The Enlightenment • The search for the natural laws of society and government encouraged people to study the world & think for themselves 3. Locke’s Ideas •natural rights •If government fails to protect rights people can revolt and create a new government • Influenced many founding fathers (ex: Thomas Jefferson) • His Ideas Appear throughout the Declaration of Independence 4. Great Awakening • Religious Revival Movement •Preachers who led it felt that traditional church services were too focused on ritual and failed to emotionally connect with their audiences • Encouraged the questioning of authority (movement de-emphasized importance of church leaders) •The people were the key, not the leaders (do you see how this religious issue thus contributes to the American Revolution? Importance of the Long Term Causes Helped Colonists Feel United by Common Experiences that Surpassed Their Religious, Economic, and Regional Difference 1. The French and Indian War 2. Unpopular British Policies 3. Colonial Reaction to these Policies • War between the British/Colonists against the French/Indians over territory in North America •First battle was started by a young and unknown American military officer. Guess who? _____________ •Washington! • British/Colonists won, but the cost of the war strained the relationship between the two • War caused Brits to fall into debt & they wanted the Colonies to pay • Colonists wanted to expand into the territory Britain acquired as part of the war without British approval Proclamation of 1763 • British closed the region west of the Appalachians to colonists New Taxes! • Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, and Tea Acts all place new taxes on colonists • Colonists react with protest (ex: Boston Tea Party) Quartering Act • required colonists to provide housing and supplies to British troops 1774 Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) • Result of Tea Party – punishment for Boston • Closed Boston Harbor, changed the government of Massachusetts giving the crown more power • Scared all colonies that they would lose the little political power they had A. Committee of Correspondence (1772) • Formed to coordinate resistance to British Acts B. First Continental Congress (1774) • Organized by the Committee of Correspondence • Met with delegates from the colonies • Decided to boycott British goods, create a militia, and to send a letter to King George asking for representation in Parliament C. The Patriots Organize • Following First Continental Congress, colonists create their military – the Continental Army (Patriots) • British Were a World Power – Time to put these upstart colonists in their place • The Colonists Decide to Fight • Colonists Win, partially because of their home court advantage and partly because the French (traditional enemies of Britain) see a nice way to get revenge for the French and Indian Wars and Join in There’s Just one Small Matter remaining… …what next?