APRIL VC SESSION CRITICAL READING AND DECODING VOCABULARY! UBMS Critical Reading & Writing Tips • Assistance with Standardized tests SAT/STAAR Reading and Writing Assessments • Learning to Read : SCAN - scan to get an overview of the passage. Pay attention to title, bolded text, read any review questions. II. READ – consider each sections heading & context of the passage. III. REVIEW – consider the main points of each section. I. Test Your Reading Skills Practice makes perfect with reading comprehension. You have been given a reading exercise to practice the tips given. Use the Know How to Read a Text book worksheet to practice. Using the listed website; test your reading skills with the ACT & SAT practice quiz #3 and get immediate feed http://www.test-guide.com/ back. GOOD LUCK!! Word Power – Let the games begin! How do you decode vocabulary words? Know your Prefixes Know your Root-Words Know your Suffixes 1.A Pre what??? A Prefix comes at the beginning of a root word and changes/adds to the meaning. Ex. e – is a new prefix meaning electronics added to the root word, book = e-book or electronic book!! 2.In most of our languages our root words have Latin or Greek meanings. Ex. astro/astre : (Latin) meaning stars, star, out of space; astronaut – a person who travels to outer space. 3.A Suffix can change or add to the meaning of a root word and they show how a word will be used in a sentence; what part of speech (e.g. noun, verb, adjective) the word belongs to. Source (http://www.redwoods.edu) See The Following Charts for examples: Root, Prefix or Suffix Meaning Examples a, ac, ad, af, ag, al, an, ap, as, at to, toward, near, in addition to, by aside, accompany, adjust, aggression, allocate, annihilate, affix, associate, attend, adverb a-, an- not, without apolitical, atheist, anarchy, anonymous, apathy, aphasia, anemia ab, abs away from, off absolve, abrupt, absent -able, -ible Adjective: worth, ability solvable, incredible acer, acid, acri bitter, sour, sharp acerbic, acidity, acrid, acrimony act, ag do, act, drive active, react, agent, active, agitate acu sharp acute, acupuncture, accurate -acy, -cy Noun: state or quality privacy, infancy, adequacy, intimacy, supremacy -ade act, product, sweet drink blockade, lemonade aer, aero air, atmosphere, aviation aerial, aerosol, aerodrome ag, agi, ig, act do, move, go agent, agenda, agitate, navigate, ambiguous, action -age Noun: activity, or result of action courage, suffrage, shrinkage, tonnage Knowledge of a Suffix • Examples of how they change the word meaning: Suffix ed ing er tion Example Suffix walk + ed = walked ness say + ing = saying al tall + er = taller ary educate + tion = education able Example happy + ness = happiness accident + al = accidental imagine + ary = imaginary accept + able = acceptable sion cian fully est divide + sion = division music + cian = musician hope + fully = hopefully large + est = largest love + ly = lovely excite + ment = excitement help + ful + helpful ease + y = easy ly ment ful y How You Will Use Vocabulary Skills ?? You will be expected to use these skills on standardized tests as well as assessments in all college courses. Word memorization is not enough! You will be expected to define, spell and pronounce unfamiliar vocabulary. Knowing how to decode words will assist you in understanding the context of sentences and text. I have included the worksheet with Quiz 2 & 3 for you to complete. Notice the underlined words that will assist in your selection.