Unit 4- Reading Guide 1 Vocab: Define each of the following terms The Progressive Movement Salvation Army Florence Kelley Prohibition Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WTCU) Carry Nation Anti-Saloon League Muckrakers Ida M. Tarbell Lincoln Steffens Name_________________________ Scientific Management Robert M. La Follette Illinois Factory Act Keating Owen Act (1916) Lochner v. New York Muller v. Oregon (1908) Bunting v. Oregon (1917) Initiative Referendum Recall Seventeenth Amendment Guided Reading Questions: Provide comprehensive answers, in complete sentences, to each of the following questions. 1. Who were the Progressives? On what issues did they focus their efforts? 2. What is the connection between the Social Gospel movement and progressives? What welfare groups still continue the work of their progressive origins? 3. When promoting moral improvement, what did progressives believe was the key to improving moral behavior? What libation was the focus of their determination (what “sin” did they try to prohibit)? 4. What role did economic panic and socialism play in the progressive era? What role did muckrakers play in creating economic reform? 5. In the section “Fostering Efficiency,” how did progressives use science to make society and the workplace more efficient? 6. How did Henry Ford promote progressive ideals in his factories? 7. Progressives hoped to change government. What seemed to be the overarching goal of progressive reforms? 8. How did natural disasters spur the adoption of new forms of city governments? Explain how the new forms of city government worked. 9. How did mayors institute progressive changes? 10. What types of reforms were passed at the state level? How did Robert M. La Follette regulate businesses in Wisconsin? 11. How do we know Florence Kelley was successful as an advocate for improving the lives of women and children? 12. What work did the National Child Labor Committee undertake? How do we know their work was successful, despite the Supreme Court’s undermining of the Keating Owen Act? 13. Know the issues and decisions of the Lochner, Muller, and Bunting court cases. In what way is Maryland a leader in workplace progressive reforms? 14. We’ve discussed the initiative, referendum, and recall processes before. How quick were states in implementing these reforms? How does Minnesota become a leader for progressive political reforms in 1899? 15. For what reason(s) did progressives want to change the system of choosing state senators for federal government? How do we know the progressives were successful?