Chapter 9 Study Guide 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. What background did the typical progressive have? What did many reformers want to do because they thought movies were immoral? What was the name of the first movie that told a story? Why was 1920 notable for where people lived? What type of issues were progressives concerned about? What were progressive’s beliefs about science and technology? Why did many educated women get involved in the progressive movement? What organization lobbied the government for special hospital for tuberculosis? Were progressives generally as concerned about racial issues as they were about the working poor? What organization, that still exists today, did WEB DuBois help establish? What story about Boss Tweed was considered the first muckraking publication? What did author John Spargo say about working children’s school attendance? What did most members of labor union want to do about capitalism? What workers did the AFL not want as members? How much did the average male laborer earn in 1910, did women and children earn more or less? What was the progressive hope about government involvement with business? Did most progressives belief that democracy could provide social justice? What was the Navy’s belief about alcohol in WW1? Did corporations immediately follow the tougher child labor laws of 1912? Which union wanted to replace capitalism with socialism? What argument did lawyer Louis Brandeis make ot win the Muller v. Oregon case? How many workers died in the Triangle Shirtwaist fire? What does the term “freedom of contract” mean. Who founded the AFL? Name the contributions listed in chapter 9 for the following people: Frances Willard WEB Dubois Billy Sunday Daniel Burnham Florence Kelley Lincoln Steffens Herbert Croly Ray Stannard BakerWhat is different about an open shop and a closed shop? What is prohibition? 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. What is a muckraker? What role did McClure’s magazine play in progressive movement? What was the focus of progressivism? What was the goal of the NAACP? What did the Supreme Court rule in the Guinn v. United States case? Why did many native Americans and some immigrants reject reformers ideas? Do you think Spargo was right or wrong when he accused the textile industry with the “enslavement of children”? 35. How was the attitude of reformers different towards the poor and working class as compared to African Americans and other minorities? 36. How has the debate over censorship and the movies changed since 1910? 37. Why would progressives and industrialist unite in the prohibition movement? 38. Why did reformers want children to be able to read and write before they were sent to work?