The Triumph of Conservatism, 1969-1988

APUSH/HONORS US II-Textbook/Unit Assignment
The Triumph of Conservatism, 1969-1988
Directions: Complete the following assignment by explaining the term, listing the key ideas,
taking notes, completing the sentence, and/or answering the questions. Each section is worth 10
points for a total of 40 points. We will be reading chapter 26 in the Foner textbook.
1-President Nixon, Vietnam, & Watergate (Pages 1082-1093)
A) Explain each of the following Nixon policies/programs:
New FederalismEnvironmental Protection AgencyOccupational Safety and Health AdministrationNational Transportation Safety BoardThe Endangered Species ActThe Clean Air ActFamily Assistance PlanSouthern StrategyPhiladelphia PlanB) How did the Burger Court modify but not overturn the rights revolutions of the 1960s?
C) Assess the decisions of the Burger Court on the issue of affirmative action.
D) List and explain the progresses women made during the Nixon years.
E) What were the main features of Nixon’s policy of “realism” in dealing with China and the
Soviet Union?
F) Describe the basic events and the larger significance of the Watergate scandal.
G) How did Vietnam and the Watergate scandal affect popular trust in the government?
2-The End of the Golden Age (Pages 1093-1101)
A) What were the major causes for the decline of the U.S. economy in the 1970s?
B) Explain each of the following terms:
StagflationMisery IndexThe Nixon PardonThe Helsinki AccordsCamp David Peace TreatyIran Hostage CrisisCrisis in Afghanistan-
C) In what ways did the opportunities of most Americans diminish in the 1970s?
D) List the achievements and failures of the Ford Administration.
E) List the achievements and failures of the Carter Administration.
F) Why did Carter pursue a foreign policy based on “human rights”?
3-The Rising Tide of Conservatism (Pages 1101-1107)
A) What caused anxiety among Americans and offered conservatives new political
B) What location was a major bastion of modern conservatism?
C) Explain how each of the following lead to the rise of conservatism in the 1970s.
NeoconservativesThe Religious RightJerry Falwell & the Moral MajorityThe ERA BattleThe Abortion ControversyThe Tax RevoltProposition 13The Sagebrush RebellionThe Election of 19804- The Reagan Revolution (Pages 1107 to 1118)
A) Briefly describe the background of Reagan.
B) List the groups that made up Reagan’s coalition.
C) What was Reagan’s greatest strength as president?
D) Explain the principles and components of Reaganomics.
E) How did Reagan deal with labor issues?
F) Why was there a growth in economic inequality in the 1980s?
G) Why would the 1980s eventually be remembered as a decade of misplaced values?
H) List the candidates in the 1984 election, noting the winners and losers.
I) Explain the following terms:
Sandra Day O’Connor“Just Say No” campaignStrategic Defense InitiativeJ) Describe Reagan’s Cold War policies.
K) What was the Iran-Contra Affair?
L) How did Gorbachev attempt to reform the Soviet Union?
M) List the candidates in the 1988 election, noting the winners and losers.