George Washington Before he was President: • He was a military hero during the American Revolution. • He was the leader of the Constitutional Convention. –Sided with the Federalists in the ratification process. Presidential Firsts: • Unanimously elected by the Electoral College. • Created an advisory body called the cabinet- every President since has had one. • Established a two-term precedent (no other president attempted a third until Roosevelt). Key People: • Vice President: John Adams: trusted by Washington, would become the nd 2 president. • Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson: responsible for establishing relationships with Great Britain and France, helped Washington prioritize domestic legislation, supported AntiFederalist beliefs. • Secretary of the Treasury: Alexander Hamilton: shared Federalists beliefs, developed an economic plan that saved the nation from financial ruin, established the US National Bank. Notable Accomplishments: • Federal Judiciary Act:1798- created the various courts of the federal court system (remember, only the court created by the Constitution was the Supreme Court). • Whisky Rebellion: an excise tax was placed on whiskey, which upset Pennsylvania farmers. They protested against the tax and even attacked customs agents. Washington sent in the US Military to squash the rebellion. –The power of the federal government was tested and proven to be successful!!!!!! Foreign Policy: • Encouraged international trade with all nations. • Proclamation of Neutrality: Would not choose sides between England & France (they were at war with each other). • Jay’s Treaty: agreement with Great Britain in which the British troops withdrew their soldiers from the Northwest Territory, war debt from the American Revolution was “negotiated”, and trade agreements were established. Farwell Address: • Washington gave a speech at the end of his second term: –Encouraged Americans to be good citizens. –Warned against political parties (he saw the problems b/t Jefferson & Hamilton). –Warned against foreign alliances- stay out of European conflicts.