2nd Period Work Groups & Partners *Partner groups by color: red, blue, green Group 1 The Princess and the Pea Group 2 Rumpletiltskin Kennedy Ben Myles Cloey Wyatt L. Margee Jim Mason Group 3 Jack and the Bean Stock Group 4 Cinderella Morgan Connor Sam Caty Jake Sarah Group 5 Puss in Boots Chloe Tyler Ricky Ashley Wyatt M. Jack Olivia Fabiola 4th Period Work Groups & Partners *Partner groups by color: red, blue, green Group 1 Mikayla Jonathan Group 2 Annalisa Ratu Group 3 Alex Desteni Caitlyn Ethan Nolan Zach Hayden Ryan Group 6 Macy Blayne Group 7 Adam Max N. Aiden Ty Group 4 Group 5 Kaleb Shane Grace Scott Anabelle Max W. Jewel Dawson Group 8 Mara Tommy Janice Desmond Cole Diana Lily Derek March 13, 2015 • Learning Targets: read a well-known fairly tale to understand an author’s style by identifying short story elements, an author’s use of literary narrative techniques, and identify theme and write a thematic statement. • Bell Work: o Materials: notes spiral, writing utensil. o Sit in your assigned table group. • Activities: o Fairy Tale Background o Review of elements of fiction, narrative techniques and theme o Fairy Tale activity – instructions & time to work Once upon a time… Fairy Tales • Fairy tales are part of the oral tradition of literature, usually written to entertain children but were originally written for adults. As their popularity spread, the fairy tale came to have a major influence on children's literature. • They are stories that tell of man’s problems, fears, and hopes. What makes the fairy tale different from folklore, fables, and tall tales is its use of magic and fantasy • The supernatural characters in fairy stories are not always fairy godmothers or winged sprites. They may be magicians, ogres, elfs, goblins, gnomes, or leprechauns Fairy Tales • Often fairy tales involve ordinary people who have experiences of a supernatural kind and are affected by charms, disguises, spells, or other fantastic occurrences. • In The Sleeping Beauty, a princess is shut up by enchantment in a castle and sleeps for 100 years; the thick wood that grows up around the castle is penetrated by a prince who awakens the princess with a kiss. Popular Fairy Tales • • • • • • • • Sleeping Beauty Cinderella Rapunzel Jack and the Beanstalk Snow White Beauty and the Beast The Frog Prince Red Riding Hood Hansel and Gretel Rumpelstiltskin Snow Queen Thumbelina The Emperor’s New Clothes • The Real Princess • • • • • Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm was born on Jan. 4, 1785. Wilhelm Carl Grimm was born on Feb. 24, 1786. Born in Paris, France in 1628 In the early 19th century the Grimm brothers of Germany traveled around the countryside listening to folktales as told by those who had heard them from their mothers and fathers. Died in 1703 Collected fairy tales and published Tales of Mother Goose in 1697 Their 200 stories commonly called Grimm’s Fairy Tales have been translated into 70 languages. Among the eight stories in this book are The Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood, Blue Beard, and Cinderella. Born April 2, 1805, on the island of Fyn, off the coast of Denmark. Andersen's writings began to be published in Danish in 1829. His first works were poems, plays, novels, and impressions of his travels. In 1835 Andersen published Fairy Tales Told for Children. COMMON ELEMENTS OF FAIRY TALES 1. A fairy tale begins with "Once upon a time...” 2. Fairy tales happen in the long ago with a detailed setting. 3. Fairy Tales have fantasy and make believe in them. They employ many types of narrative techniques to captivate their audience & use language in many different ways – figurative, with imagery, and irony! 4. Fairy Tales have clearly defined Good characters vs. Evil characters. 5. Royalty is usually present in a fairy tale, a beautiful princess/handsome prince. 6. There may be magic with giants, elves, talking animals, witches or fairies. 7. Fairy tales have a problem (conflict) that needs to be solved. 8. It often takes three tries to solve the problem. 9. Fairy tales have happy endings “they all lived happily ever after.” 10. Fairy tales usually teach a lesson or have a theme. Fiction Story Elements Include: • Characters: main characters & supporting characters • Setting: when and where did the story take place • Problem or Conflict: usually introduced early on; can be external or internal • Plot or Text Structure: the rise and fall of action • Solution or Resolution: how the problem or conflict is solved • Point of View: 1st person (main character telling story; use of “I” and “me”) or 3rd person (narrator telling story; use of “he/she”, “him/her”) • Theme: More than the topic of the story, the “message” the author is trying to send through the use of the story Literary Narrative Techniques • Writers employ narrative techniques in their works to attract readership. The readers are not only entertained but also learn some underlying message from the narratives. • Some literary “narrative” techniques include: o o o o o o o o o metaphors similes personification Imagery hyperbole alliteration Flashback/flash-forward, foreshadowing narrative perspective/point of view. Examples of Narrative Techniques • Imagery creates visuals for the reader that appeals to our senses and usually involves figurative language: The bar was a dark, gloomy eyesore. This statement appeals to our senses to help us visualize and feel the negative aspects of this location. • Personification is seen when an inanimate object is given human or animal-like (living) qualities, like, “The stars danced in the sky.” We know stars cannot dance. This statement is an attempt to help the reader have a better picture of how the stars appeared to move in a dancing fashion. • Hyperbole is an over-exaggeration to make a point. You might have heard someone say, “My purse weighs a ton!” We know this is not to be meant in the literal sense, but it is meant to help the reader understand the excessive weight of the purse. Examples of Narrative Techniques • Alliteration is seen when the writer uses the same letters together in a sentence. Here is a classic example: “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.” Some writers use alliteration to help readers remember phrases or concepts, while some writers simply use this technique because it is 'catchy' and appealing to readers. • Onomatopoeia: when a word’s pronunciation imitates its sound. For example, words pertaining to water: splash, spray, sprinkle, squirt, drip, drizzle or words pertaining to voice: giggle, growl, grunt, gurgle, grunt, mumble, murmur, chatter, blurt. • Allusion: a figure of speech that makes a reference to a known place, person, or historical event. This can be real or imaginary and may refer to anything, including paintings, opera, folk lore, mythical figures, or religious manuscripts. “I was surprised his nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.” This refers to the story of Pinocchio, where his nose grew whenever he told a lie. It is from The Adventures of Pinocchio, written by Carlo Collodi. What is theme? (make a new entry and take notes in your spiral) • Theme: a central idea or central message of the story or general statement about life; e.g., “People show their love for each other by making sacrifices. It usually contains some insight into the human condition – telling something about humans and life. • The theme may be stated directly or implied by the events and actions in the story. How do I determine theme? (continue taking notes) • Consider how all the story elements work together within a story and what ideas about life these elements present • Review your story’s plot, how the author uses different literary narrative techniques, such as figurative language, and irony, sentence structure and carefully chosen words, and you will begin to see the theme, or main message about life, present itself! • To create a thematic statement, it’s okay to start with theme topics (e.g., love, revenge, humility, etc.) but you must not leave this word alone! You MUST say something about what we learn about this topic THROUGH the story and the techniques used to show us! What theme is NOT… (continue taking notes) • A “topic” (such as love or sacrifice) • A summary, such as “Two people sell their valuables to show their love for each other.” • A moral; e.g., “If you love someone, you will do anything for him or her.” Little Red Riding Hood Elements of a Short Story: • Main characters: The Wolf, Little Red Riding Hood. The main protagonist in this story is Red. The main antagonist in this story is the Wolf. She is a dynamic character who changes by the end of the story. • Minor characters: Granny, mother, father (woodcutter). Minor characters are flat and have only one or two characteristics that never change. • Setting: the time and place in a story. The setting in Red Riding Hood is the woods and granny's house in a fictional area. • Point of View: In Red Riding Hood, the story is told through third person omnicient point of view. We see how everyone is feeling. • Mood (the atmosphere or feeling the writer creates for the reader): The mood created by the author is suspenseful and serious. Little Red Riding Hood Elements of a Short Story: Plot • Exposition: In Red Riding Hood, it's when we meet Red, meet her mother, and learn about her father, the woodcutter. We also find out why she needs to go through the woods. LRRH has fixed a basket of goodies for her grandmother & is traveling through the woods to visit her. • Conflict (internal/external): An example of external conflict is man vs animal when Red was confronted by the Wolf. • Rising action: BBW sees LRRH, runs to G’s house, eats G, lays in wait for LRRH. LRRH sits by G’s (really BBW) bed, talking to her, asking questions. • Climax: the big bad wolf is about to eat Red. • Falling action: The huntsman arrives, sees BBW dressed like Granny, the wolf runs away, afraid of the ax. • Resolution – H. kills the BBW, and LRRH and G pop out, safe and sound! The woodcutter walks Red home safely. Plot Diagram Model: “Little Red Riding Hood” Little Red Riding Hood has prepared a basket of goodies for her grandmother. She begins walking through dangerous woods to deliver the basket. The Big Bad Wolf spots Little Red walking in the woods and asks her where she’s going with the basket of treats. Climax Little Red arrives at her grandmother’s house and sits on a stool at the disguised wolf’s bedside. The Wolf runs to the grandmother’s house , eats her, puts on her bonnet, glasses, and night gown, and climbs into her bed. Exposition Little Red comments on the Wolf’s nose, eyes, ears, and teeth, and he responds by eating her in one gulp. Falling Action Little Red questions all the things that appear different about her “grandmother.” Rising Action The Woodsman arrives on the scene to discover the wolf dressed as the grandmother, and quickly surmises what has transpired in the woman’s cottage. The Woodsman kills the wolf and out step the Grandmother and Little Red, happy and safe. Resolution Little Red Riding Hood Examples of Literary Narrative Techniques: • Foreshadowing: An example of this is when the wolf licks his lips. • Irony - created when there is a contrast between what is expected and what is meant. An example of verbal irony is when the wolf says, "I hope she feels better" when he really meant "tastes better"! • Diction: Remember denotation and connotation. The wolf "snarled.” Little Red Riding Hood Theme: • Theme Topics: morality, violence, gender, sexuality • Thematic Statement Ideas: Don’t talk to strangers, Stay on the path and be wary of strangers; It is important to listen and be obedient to one’s parents. • The theme of “Little Red Riding Hood” is IMPLIED. While the narrator does not directly state a message, the reader can infer it. be suspicious of things and people that do not appear the way they should. Why is all this important? • • • • • Studying the story elements and structure of fiction is an important way to deepen your reading comprehension and helps you write your own fictional stories. Word choice, sentence structure (syntax!), and the writer’s voice — all contribute to the style of a piece of writing. How a writer chooses words and structures sentences to achieve a certain effect is also an element of style. bad times,” it’s likely he wouldn’t have made such an impact! A WRITER’S STYLE IS WHAT SETS HIS OR HER WRITING APART and makes it unique. Style is the way writing is dressed up (or down) to fit the specific context, purpose, or audience. Style is not a matter of right and wrong but of what is appropriate for a particular setting and audience. 2nd Period Work Groups & Partners *Partner groups by color: red, blue, green Group 1 The Princess and the Pea Group 2 Rumpelstiltskin Kennedy Ben Myles Cloey Wyatt L. Margee Jim Mason Group 3 Jack and the Bean Stock Group 4 Cinderella Morgan Connor Sam Caty Jake Sarah Group 5 Puss in Boots Chloe Tyler Ricky Ashley Wyatt M. Jack Olivia Fabiola 4th Period Work Groups & Partners *Partner groups by color: red, blue, green. If your partner is absent, work with the other members at your table group. Group 1 Rumpelstiltskin Group 2 Princess and the Pea Mikayla Jonathan Grace Scott Annalisa Ratu Aiden Ty Group 3 Elves and the Shoemaker Group 4 Puss in Boots Alex Desteni Nolan Zach Caitlyn Ethan Hayden Ryan Group 5 Cinderella Group 6 Rapunzel Kaleb Shane Anabelle Max W. Macy Blayne Jewel Dawson Group 7 Jack in the Bean Stock Group 8 The Frog Prince Adam Max N. Janice Desmond Mara Tommy Cole Diana Lily Derek How Will You Show Your Learning Today? • Read your assigned fairytale in your table groups. • Discuss what the story was essentially about. What is happening in the story? Who are the characters? What techniques does the author use to entertain the audience and communicate the theme? • Identify the following in your fairytale: o Elements of the story, including plot o Literary Narrative Techniques the author used o Theme topics (you must also write a thematic statement) • Fill out the worksheet for the items above. You may work with your assigned partner, but must fill out your own worksheet): Next Steps & Homework • Meet back in the library on Monday and Tuesday with ALL your materials for the fairytale AND your spiral for our activities Monday and Tuesday. • Fairy Tale Worksheet: Fill out least 2 of the Short Story Elements, at least 1 Narrative Technique identified and explained, at least 2-3 ideas of theme topics, and a thematic statement by Monday. The entire worksheet is due Tuesday, 3/17 & is needed for our activity that day! • Extra Credit Opp: Read Across TJH Bookmarks due March 18th. Must be done neatly and be of high quality! • Finish 2.9 Irony – The Cask of Amontillado – second close read of story (finish “Ideas and Details” questions in your text. Finish the irony chart on page 123, and Writing Prompt and Check Your Understanding on page 122 in your spiral! See my website for more detail. Due Thurs. 3/19 (updated date since we are in the library on Wed.). • Finish IRA #2 note-taking worksheet – due Friday 3/20/15.