Changing China Changing China • L.O. • To identify/recap some key characteristics of changing China • To identify key characteristics of the country’s development • To place China’s development in context Changing China - review • What do the following images tell you about how China has changed in the last 35 years? • • • • Images – subjective? How can we be more objective? Data? GDP? Describe the graph. China’s development • “Development” - what does this mean? • The use of resources to improve a country’s standard of living • Developed/Developing • North-South • Third World (1st/2nd World) • NICs/RICs • MEDCs/LEDCs • More/Less developed countries • HEDCs • (BRICS) • Key issue: improvement • All based on economic indicators – GNP/GDP etc • What about social (& cultural?) indicators – life expectancy, birth/death rate, literacy, access to safe water etc • HDI • PQLI • HFI… • “Development is more than mere economics” Mark Tully • Is GDP enough? • In pairs: choose 6 indicators of development. You should choose a mixture of economic & social indicators, e.g., GN/DP, life expectancy… • These should be chosen to help put China into context – objectively. • Justify your choices • Sources of information? Indicators of development • Comparative statistics: research the figures for: • • • • • • • • • • China, India UK USA Brazil Russia Nigeria South Africa Mexico. Which sources should be used? • Produce a table for this data. • How does China fare in relation to the other countries? Write a commentary on your results. • Gini Coefficient: what is this? What does it tell us about the country? https://www.cia.gov/library/publica tions/the-worldfactbook/fields/2172.html Useful websites • http://www.gapminder.org/ • Analyses comparative statistics in scattergraph format and on maps etc. • http://www.worldmapper.org/ • Presents data in map form • http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx • http://www.wri.org/publication/content/8412 • National statistics. • https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-worldfactbook/geos/ch.html • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People%27s_Republic_of_China • Also use the BBC’s guide to countries – good on political changes. • You can use these to help you identify and analyse the reasons for any spatial patterns that exist.