impact of tourism - Mrs.Weddington

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IMPACT OF
TOURISM
3.03 Discuss the
environmental impact of
tourism.
Environment
The climatic, social, and
cultural conditions that
influence the life of a person or
community
Positive environmental effects of tourism
•Preserving natural resources is most important
element in the development of a tourist destination.
•Revenues generated may be used to improve
animal habitats, wilderness areas, and
infrastructure.
•If tourists are educated about the environment and
natural resources, they are more likely to
understand the importance of preservation efforts
and to participate in that preservation.
•Appropriate design of buildings in terms of color,
signage, and landscaping enhances the beauty of
an area.
Negative environmental effect of tourism
*An increase in the number of people
using an area’s resources will usually
have a detrimental impact on the
environment.
•Effects on wildlife
•Effects on landscapes
•Pollution of the
environment
Effects on wildlife
•Disrupting feeding
and breeding
•Killing of animals
•Destruction of
habitats
•Restriction of
wildlife’s natural
movement and
migration
Effects on landscapes
•Erosion
•Land development
•Destruction of
natural beauty
Pollution of the environment
•Land
•Water
•Air
•Chemical
•Noise
Carrying capacity
The number of
users that can be
accommodated
in an area before
visitors perceive
a decline in the
desirability of the
area or before
ecological
damage is done
Factors used to determine
carrying capacity
•The number of visitors
•The amount of “use” by the
average visitor
•The quality of resource
management and facility
development/design
•The number of residents and
their quality-of-life needs
•The number of other users of
the area
Infrastructure
The foundation and
other systems needed
to support and
accommodate visitors
•Water supply
•Sewage disposal
•Public utilities
•Roads
Superstructure
Facilities needed to serve specific
needs of tourists
•Hotels
•Restaurants
•Attractions
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