Chapter 15 section1: The Federal Bureaucracy Big idea: The federal bureaucracy, part of the executive branch, carries out most of the day to day work of the Federal Government vocabulary • • • • • Bureaucracy Bureaucrat Administration Staff agency Line agency Notes • List and describe the 3 featuresof the federal bureaucracy: • What are the 3 main groups of agencies of the federal bureaucracy? • Differentiate between each of the following: – Agency, administration, commission, corporation, authority Chapter 15 Section 2: The Executive Office of the President Big Idea: The Executive Office of the President includes both advisors and agencies that work closely with the President. vocabulary • • • • Executive Office of the President Federal budget Fiscal year Domestic affairs notes • Describe the duties of each of the following: 1. White House Office 2. National Security Council 3. Office of Homeland Security • What other offices make up the Executive Office of the President? Chapter 15 Section 3: The Executive Departments Big Idea: Fifteen executive departments, each headed by a Cabinet member, carry out most of the Federal Government’s work. Vocabulary • Executive departments • Secretary • Attorney general Notes • What were the first executive departments? (there are 3): • How are the members of the Cabinet Chosen? • What is the role of cabinet members in Presidential decisions? • List the 15 Executive departments and the year they were established: Chapter 15 Section 4: Independent Agencies Big Idea: A number of independent agencies work outside the framework of the executive branch. Vocabulary • • • • • • Independent agencies Independent executive agencies Independent regulatory commissions Quasi-legislative Quasi-judicial Government corporation Notes • Why were independent agencies created by Congress? Chapter 15 Section 5: The Civil Service Most of the people who work for the Federal Government are members of the civil service and are hired and promoted based on their job performance vocabulary • • • • • Civil service Spoils system Patronage Register bipartisan Notes • How did Civil Service develop? • How are political activities of members of the Civil Service restricted?