Law and Government Bureaucracy Study Guide: To be completed by Monday, April 28 Study Materials: Text: Magruders, Chapter 15 Power Point: Bureaucracy (located on the lesson plans page) Objectives: • What is a bureaucracy? • What are the major elements of the federal bureaucracy? • How are groups within the federal bureaucracy named? • What is the difference between a staff agency and a line agency? • What is the Executive Office of the President? • What are the duties of the White House Office and the National Security Council? • What are the additional agencies in the Executive Office of the President that assist the President? • What are the origins of the executive departments, and how did they develop? • How are members of the Cabinet chosen? • What role does the Cabinet play in the President’s decisions? • Why does the government create independent agencies? • What are the characteristics of independent executive agencies and independent regulatory commissions? • How are government corporations structured? • How did the civil service develop? • What are the characteristics of the current civil service? • What restrictions are placed on the political activity of members of the civil service? Terms Bureaucracy Bureaucrat Cabinet Civil service Competitive service Congressional oversight Discretionary authority Domestic affairs Executive Departments Executive Office of the President Excepted service Federal budget Fiscal year Independent agencies Government corporation Iron triangle Issue networks laissez – faire line agency merit system national performance review Office of Personnel Management Pendleton Act Red tape Spoils system Staff agency Critical Thinking How might a strong, entrenched bureaucracy weaken the power of elected representatives? How does the Office of Management and Budget enhance the president’s ability to perform his role as chief administrator? Economist Milton Friedman called bureaucracy, “…both a vehicle whereby special interests can achieve their objectives and an important special interest in its own right.” What doe Friedman mean? What can government do to minimize the situation Friedman describes? How and why does the government limit the political activities of members of the civil service? Explain whether you would change any of these limits and why, or why not.