1/8/2015 p.803-811 APUSH Agenda Mr. Jackson Walsingham Academy Period 6: 1865-1898 Central Theme • The transformation of the United States from an agricultural to an increasingly industrialized and urbanized society brought about significant economic, political, diplomatic, social, environmental, and cultural changes [from APUSH new curricular framework] Timeline • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1855: Henry Bessemer develops a process that produces steel quicker and cheaper 1859: America’s first oil well is struck in Titusville, PA 1861: Civil War erupts 1862: Passage of the Homestead Act and the Pacific Railroads Act 1865: Civil War ends; Reconstruction begins 1869: Completion of the first transcontinental railroad line at Promontory Point, Utah 1876: Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone; Edison develops the first incandescent light bulb 1877: Reconstruction ends; The Great Railroad Strike erupts 1881: Completion of the second transcontinental railroad line 1882: John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust; Congress passes Chinese Exclusion Act 1886: Haymarket incident in Chicago, Ill; AFL is organized 1892: Homestead Strike in Pittsburgh, PA 1894: Pullman Strike 1901: J.P. Morgan creates U.S steel Corporation Today’s Focus Question Who composed the labor force of the post-Civil War period and what were labor’s main grievances? Key Themes • • • • • Social Mobility Child Labor Early Protest movements Labor vs. Management Organization of the Labor Movement Homework Identify • The Molly Maguires • The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 • Sand-Lot Incident • Knights of Labor • The Haymarket Incident Due in class tomorrow (HW grade) Identifications should seek to explain the significance of a term. Use the questions below to help you: 1. Why is this person/act/movement/t hing important in American history? 2. What does this symbolize in American history? Primary Sources 1. “Progress and Poverty” (1879) by Henry George 2. “The Gospel of Wealth” (1889) by Andrew Carnegie (posted on SPA) *Due on Friday, January 9 (Analysis grade – 15pts) • Answer all three questions after each excerpt – 1 point each • Answer the three questions under “Questions for Further Thought” – 3 points each APUSH Themes • • • • • • • Identity Work, Exchange and Technology Peopling Politics and Power America in the World Environment – physical and human Ideas, Beliefs, Culture Supplemental Slides The Changing American Labor Force Child Labor “Galley Labor” Labor Unrest: 1870-1900 Management vs. Labor “Tools” of Management “Tools” of Labor “scabs” boycotts P. R. campaign sympathy demonstrations Pinkertons lockout blacklisting yellow-dog contracts informational picketing closed shops court injunctions organized strikes open shop “wildcat” strikes Knights of Labor Terence V. Powderly An injury to one is the concern of all! ù Goals of the Knights of Labor Eight-hour workday. ù Workers’ cooperatives. ù Worker-owned factories. ù Abolition of child and prison labor. ù Increased circulation of greenbacks. ù Equal pay for men and women. ù Safety codes in the workplace. ù Prohibition of contract foreign labor. ù Abolition of the National Bank. The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 The Tournament of Today: A Set-to Between Labor and Monopoly Anarchists Meet on the Lake Front in 1886 Haymarket Riot (1886) McCormick Harvesting Machine Co.