1-8-2015 - Walsingham Academy

APUSH Agenda
Mr. Jackson
Walsingham Academy
Period 6: 1865-1898
Central Theme
• The transformation of the United States from
an agricultural to an increasingly industrialized
and urbanized society brought about
significant economic, political, diplomatic,
social, environmental, and cultural changes
[from APUSH new curricular framework]
1855: Henry Bessemer develops a process that produces steel quicker and cheaper
1859: America’s first oil well is struck in Titusville, PA
1861: Civil War erupts
1862: Passage of the Homestead Act and the Pacific Railroads Act
1865: Civil War ends; Reconstruction begins
1869: Completion of the first transcontinental railroad line at Promontory Point,
1876: Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone; Edison develops the first
incandescent light bulb
1877: Reconstruction ends; The Great Railroad Strike erupts
1881: Completion of the second transcontinental railroad line
1882: John D. Rockefeller organizes the Standard Oil Trust; Congress passes
Chinese Exclusion Act
1886: Haymarket incident in Chicago, Ill; AFL is organized
1892: Homestead Strike in Pittsburgh, PA
1894: Pullman Strike
1901: J.P. Morgan creates U.S steel Corporation
Today’s Focus Question
Who composed the labor force of the post-Civil
War period and what were labor’s main
Key Themes
Social Mobility
Child Labor
Early Protest movements
Labor vs. Management
Organization of the Labor Movement
• The Molly Maguires
• The Great Railroad Strike
of 1877
• Sand-Lot Incident
• Knights of Labor
• The Haymarket Incident
Due in class tomorrow
(HW grade)
Identifications should seek
to explain the significance of
a term. Use the questions
below to help you:
1. Why is this
hing important in
American history?
2. What does this
symbolize in American
Primary Sources
1. “Progress and Poverty” (1879) by Henry George
2. “The Gospel of Wealth” (1889) by Andrew Carnegie
(posted on SPA)
*Due on Friday, January 9 (Analysis grade – 15pts)
• Answer all three questions after each excerpt
– 1 point each
• Answer the three questions under “Questions for
Further Thought”
– 3 points each
APUSH Themes
Work, Exchange and Technology
Politics and Power
America in the World
Environment – physical and human
Ideas, Beliefs, Culture
Supplemental Slides
The Changing American Labor Force
Child Labor
“Galley Labor”
Labor Unrest: 1870-1900
Management vs. Labor
“Tools” of
“Tools” of
 “scabs”
 boycotts
 P. R. campaign
 sympathy
 Pinkertons
 lockout
 blacklisting
 yellow-dog contracts
 informational
 closed shops
 court injunctions
 organized
 open shop
 “wildcat” strikes
Knights of Labor
Terence V. Powderly
An injury to one is the concern of all!
Goals of the Knights of
Eight-hour workday.
ù Workers’ cooperatives.
ù Worker-owned factories.
ù Abolition of child and prison labor.
ù Increased circulation of greenbacks.
ù Equal pay for men and women.
ù Safety codes in the workplace.
ù Prohibition of contract foreign labor.
ù Abolition of the National Bank.
The Great Railroad Strike
of 1877
The Tournament of Today:
A Set-to Between Labor and
Anarchists Meet on the
Lake Front in 1886
Haymarket Riot (1886)
McCormick Harvesting Machine Co.