Comma: Separates two clause –comma and conjunction (FANBOYS) Semicolon: Separates two clauses – related clauses ; Colon: Introduces a list Quotation Marks: Some titles (articles, songs, short stories). a. Quotations too. 5. Titles: a. If it is the whole or large thing—a book, movie, TV show, etc. It gets ITALICIZED b. If it’s a part of a whole—short story, poem, episode title, article—it gets “quotation marks” 6. Adverbs: Adjectives, verbs, adverbs 7. Prepositions: Link words together – time, location, possession, direction (The plane flew ______ the cloud). 8. Conjunctions: Link words or clauses together. (FANBOYS) 9. Interjection: Emotion/Emphasis (WOW!) (AHHH!) 10. Prep Phrases: Start with a prep, end with a noun “to the store” 11. Pronoun Antecedent: and antecedent is a thing that comes before something else. a. The child went to their (his/her) dance. 12. Pronoun Case: I vs. Me He vs Him a. “I” if it’s the subject, “me” if it’s the object. 13. Subject / Verb Agreement: a. They run / He runs b. Words that end in “body” “one” – always singular 14. Affect – change (verb) 15. Effect – the result (noun) 16. Fewer/Number – you can count it. 17. Less / Amount – Can’t count it. 1. 2. 3. 4. Term Setting Definition The place where the events take place Examples Verona, Italy Term Simile Definition Indirectly connecting two different things using “like” or “as” Examples He was as tall as a building. He sounded like a hyena when he laughed He was a brick house. The narrator’s position in relation to how the story is being told Main character whom the story is about / Working against the main character Main conflict is with oneself 1st person (uses I) 3rd person narrator isn’t a character Romeo vs. Tybalt Metaphor Directly Connecting two unlike things NOT using “like” or “as” Personification Giving a non-living thing human qualities The trees danced in the wind. Vera’s guilt for killing Cyril Hyperbole A gross (crazy) exaggeration External Conflict Conflict is with something outside the protagonist. Parents in “The Veldt” vs. the Nursery Alliteration Starting words with the same consonant sounds That final review sheet took a million years to finish. He sat silently while the summer solstice slowly came and went. Symbolism Use of a concrete object to represent an abstract idea “Moon Dust” as a symbol of Doug’s dad’s absence in his Onomatopoeia A word formed to describe a sound that’s being made PoV Protagonist/ Antagonist Internal Conflict Bang! Boom! Hoot! Tick-Tock! life (“Rocket Man” Theme Irony Inference Essential Question The main moral or message of a story Technology has the potential to hurt others when we ignore people in favor of electronic devices. The opposite of A man who is a what one expect traffic cop gets to happens does his license happen suspended for unpaid parking tickets. Making (If this is true… conclusions or this must also forming ideas be true) based on known If Vera felt guilt facts for Cyril’s death, she must have done something wrong. Central question What is the one is asking in nature of justice order to research and how should / explore an idea it be used? Pun A play on words What time do dentists love to schedule their appointments? Tooth-hurty. Allusion Making a reference to a piece of literature, a film, a tv show He was struck by Cupid’s arrow when he saw her the first time. Oxymoron Two words with opposite meanings that describe the same object. Jumbo Shimp Imagery Use of vivid or descriptive language to describe something. He whiffed the aroma of brewed coffee. Venn Diagram Diagram showing logical relationship between two things What is similar and different about the Montagues and the Capulets?