Chapter 5 AP US Government Definitions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Clear and present danger test Due process of law Equal protection of the law Establishment clause Exclusionary rule Freedom of expression Freedom of religion Free-exercise clause 9. Good-faith exception 10. Libel 11. Prior restraint 12. Probable cause 13. Search warrant 14. Selective incorporation 15. Symbolic speech 16. Wall of separation Questions 1. What did the Framers believe about the US Constitution? Why did the States insist on a Bill of Rights? 2. What is the difference between civil rights and civil liberties? 3. Give five examples of rights in conflict. 4. Give five examples where war has been the crisis that restricted the liberty of some minority. 5. Give three examples where the Supreme Court has applied these clauses to the State. 6. What doe the due process clause say? What does the equal protection clause say? 7. Give three examples where the Supreme Court has applied these clauses to the states. 8. Give four examples where the Bill of Rights is not applied to the states. 9. What did the Sedition Act of 1798 say? 10. How did Congress define limits of expression between 1917 and 1918? 11. Why is the Gitlow case so important? 12. Give four examples of how the Supreme Court moved toward more free expression after WWI. 13. What kinds of speech are not fully protected? 14. Who regulates obscene materials? What was the 1973 definition of obscenity? 15. What type of symbolic speech is not protected? 16. What are some limits to youthful speech? 17. What is the free exercise clause? Why is it important? 18. What are three types of conflicts between religious freedom and public policy? 19. What is the establishment clause? What is the interpretation of the Supreme Court? 20. When is government involvement in religious activities constitutional? (three) 21. Give four examples of how the Supreme Court has interpreted the establishment clause. 22. What is the exclusionary rule? Which Supreme Court case plays an important role I the interpretation of the exclusionary rule? Why? 23. When can reasonable searches of individuals be made? What can the police search, incident to lawful arrest? 24. Why is the Miranda case so important? 25. What are four exceptions to the exclusionary rule that now exist? 26. In what ways did the USA PATRIOT Act try to increase the federal government’s power to combat terrorism? (seven) 27. What executive order was issues that went hand-in-hand with the Patriot Act? 28. How are enemy combatants handled? 29. When was the Patriot Act renewed? 30. When are warrantless wire taps allowed?