Santa Teresa Power Point presentation

New World colonisation brought
sugar cane from Europe to South
America & the Caribbean
Molasses fermentation /
distillation created kill-devil /
rumbullion from the waste of
sugar production
Different colonies favoured
different styles of rum production
English: Dark rums with more
molasses flavour
Spanish: Golden rums with lighter
French: white rums from sugar cane
juice with a rougher edge.
Trade routes & embargoes resulted
in increased local production as
well as early brands & reputations.
The Caribbean is the epicenter of world Rum production. Virtually every major island group
produces its own distinct Rum style.
Barbados produces light, sweetish Rums from both pot and column stills. Rum distillation
began here and the Mount Gay Distillery, dating from 1663, is probably the oldest operating
Rum producer in the world.
Cuba produces light-bodied, crisp, clean Rums from column stills. It is currently illegal to
ship Cuban Rums into the United States.
The Dominican Republic is notable for its full-bodied, aged Rums from column stills.
Guyana is justly famous for its rich, heavy Demerara Rums, named for a local river, which are
produced from both pot and column stills. Demerara Rums can be aged for extended periods
(25-year-old varieties are on the market) and are frequently used for blending with lighter
Rums from other regions. Neighboring Surinam and French Guyana produce similar fullbodied Rums.
Haiti follows the French tradition of heavier Rums that are double-distilled in pot stills and
aged in oak casks for three or more years to produce full-flavored, exceptionally smoothtasting Rums. Haiti also still has an extensive underground moonshine industry that supplies
the voodoo religious ritual trade.
Jamaica is well known for its rich, aromatic Rums, most of which are produced in pot stills.
Jamaica has official classifications of Rum, ranging from light to very full-flavored.
Jamaican Rums are extensively used for blending.
Martinique is a French island with the largest number of distilleries in the Eastern
Caribbean. Both pot and column stills are used. As on other French islands such as
Guadeloupe, both rhum agricole (made from sugar cane juice) and rhum industriel (made from
molasses) are produced. These Rums are frequently aged in used French brandy casks for a
minimum of three years. Rhum vieux (aged Rum) is frequently compared to high-quality French
Puerto Rico is known primarily for light, very dry Rums from column stills. All white Puerto
Rican Rums must, by law, be aged a minimum of one year while dark Rums must be aged three
Trinidad produces mainly light Rums from column stills and has an extensive export trade
The Virgin Islands, which are divided between the United States Virgin Islands and the British
Virgin Island. Only the US Virgin Islands still produce Rum, predominately making light, mixing
rums from column stills, although there are some fine dark and aged sipping Rums made by
the most significant producer Cruzan. These Rums, and those of nearby Grenada, also serve
as the base for bay Rum, a classic aftershave lotion.
Guatemala and Nicaragua are noteworthy in Central America where a variety of primarily
medium-bodied Rums from column stills that lend themselves well to aging. They have
recently begun to gain international recognition
Brazil produces vast quantities of mostly light Rums from column stills with unaged cane
spirit called Cachaça (ca·sha·sa) the best-known example
Venezuela makes a number of well-respected barrel-aged golden and dark Rums.
The United States has a handful of Rum distilleries in the south, producing a range of light
and medium-bodied Rums that are generally marketed with Caribbean-themed names.
Canada’s 300-year-old tradition of trading Rum for dried cod fish continues in the Atlantic
Maritime provinces of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia where golden Rums from Antigua,
Barbados, and Jamaica are imported and aged for five years. The resulting hearty Rum is
known locally as Screech.
Europe is primarily a blender of imported Rums. Both the United Kingdom and France import
Rums from their former colonies in the Caribbean for aging and bottling. Heavy, dark
Jamaican Rums are imported into Germany and mixed with neutral spirit at a 1:19 ratio to
produce Rum verschnitt. A similar product in Austria is called Inlander Rum.
Australia produces a substantial amount of white and golden Rums in a double- distillation
method utilizing both column and pot stills. Rum is the second most popular alcoholic
beverage in the country after beer. Light Rums are also produced on some of the islands in
the South Pacific such as Tahiti.
Asia Rums tend to follow regional sugar cane production, with white and golden Rums from
column stills being produced primarily in the Philippines and Thailand.
Santa Teresa
Santa Teresa is located 2
hours west of Caracas in
Aragua, Venezuala
The Hacienda was founded in
1796 by Count Tovar y Blanco
– 1811 - General José Felix Ribas,
Simon Bolivar’s cousin
supported the Bolivarian
independence movement.
– 1818 - Slavery was abolished by
– 1830 - Panchita Ribas, the only
survivor of Loyalist reprisals
married Gustav Vollmer.
– 1885 – Gustavo Vollmer
modernises distillery
– 1909 – trademark registered
Today, Santa Teresa has 43% of
the Venezulan market & is the
4th largest selling rum in the
Sugar cane juice is seperated
from the cane in an industrial
process, the by-product of
which is molasses.
Yeast is added to the molasses
and continuously fermented
this takes about 18 hours &
results in lightly alcoholic
Santa Teresa blends
continuously distilled rum
with pot still rum to create the
unique house style.
The mosto for the pot
distillate is aged for a few
extra days.
The resulting rum is aged for a
minimum of two years in used
bourbon barrels.
Santa Teresa Gran reserva
– Aged 2-5 years in Buffalo Trace
bourbon barrels
– Small amount of pot distillate
for consistency & depth
Santa Teresa Selecto
– Coming soon!
Santa Teresa 1796
– Ron antiguo de solera, process
originally used to make sherry
– Mother rum created from a
blend of 4-35 year old rums
– The Heart never leaves the
system of 11 french limousin
oak casks
– It takes 6 years to work
through the system
Rhum Orange
– Made from 2 year old Santa
– Macerated With Valencian
oranges for 1-4 months
– 40%
– Made from 2 year old Santa
– Blended with the essence of
Caracas Blue 100% Arabica
coffee beans from the Santa
Teresa estate
– 28% ABV