Unit 4 Reading Quiz 1 Name:_____________________________________ Part I. Sentence Completion. Chose the word that best completes the sentence. Use the word bank. The reform efforts aimed at restoring economic opportunities and correcting the injustices in American life at the turn of the 20th century are known as the (1)____________. One way that progressives worked to ease the harsh conditions of urban life was through the founding of charities such as the (2)____________, which fed poor, cared for children in nurseries, and helped instruct immigrants in middle-class values, hard work, and temperance Muckrakers like (3)_____________, described the ruthless business practices that helped John D. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil eliminate competition, in her essay “History of the Standard Oil Company.” (4)_______________ advocated improving lives of women and children. She was influential in the passage of the (5)_________, which prohibited child labor and limited women’s working hours. The Supreme Court upheld Oregon’s law limiting women to a ten-hour workday in the case (6)______________. A bill originating from the people, which is put on the ballot after citizens petition legislators is known as an (7)______________. Voters accept or reject that bill in a (8)_____________. This is a popular method still used to recall elected officials. Women like (9)__________ would urge saloonkeepers to shut their doors, and even used her hatchet to destroy liquor and bars. The (10)_________ was an organization which sought to close saloons to cure society’s problems, but often ran into opposition from immigrant groups where drinking was a part of their culture. Word Bank A. Ida Tarbell B. Populist movement C. Progressive movement F. Bunting v. Oregon G. initiative H. referendum K. Carry Nation L. Anti-Saloon League M. Illinois Factory Act D. Salvation Army E. Florence Kelley I. YMCA J. Muller v. Oregon N. Susan B. Anthony O. Alcoholics Anonymous Part II. Multiple Choice. Circle the letter of the BEST answer. 11. What was the main goal of most muckraking journalists? (C.2.b) a. To gain fame through the creation of articles of high popular interest b. To expose socioeconomic problems in need of political attention c. To increase public awareness of America’s great potential d. To end corrupt relationships between politicians and big business 12. Which of the following themes were common in the writings and other works of muckrakers? (C.2.b) a. The immorality and greed of U.S. businesses and corruption in government b. The disadvantages of a growing consumer culture and the benefits of living in a communist society c. The problems created by unrestricted immigration and the economic disparity between rural and urban residents d. The increasing influence of socialists in labor unions and the threat they posed to U.S. society 13. The religious movement that was closely linked to progressivism was _________. (C.2.b) a. Reform Judaism b. The missionary movement c. Conservative evangelicalism d. The social gospel movement 14. The leading progressive organization advocating prohibition of liquor was __________. (C.2.b) a. the National Consumers League b. the Women’s Christian Temperance Union c. the Women’s Peace Party d. the Sierra Club 15. Which of the following is an effect of how scientific management, or “Taylorism,” was used during the progressive era? (C.2.b) a. Manufacturing processes were integrated so that one man did all parts of a job. b. Federal agencies like OSHA were created to monitor workplace safety and regulatory compliance. c. By making his assembly line simpler, Henry Ford increased the working hours of his employees. d. Increased production of the assembly line led to high worker turnover. Ford responded by reducing work-day hours and raising wages. 16. What was the Seventeenth Amendment. a key progressive reform, designed to do? (C.2.b) a. End the corrupt and family-destroying influence of the liquor industry. b. Make Senators directly elected by the people, lessening the power of political machines and party bosses. c. Prohibit child labor. d. Make the initiative and referendum applicable for all federal laws. 17. The case of Lochner v. New York represented a setback for progressives and labor advocates because in its ruling, the Supreme Court _______. (C.2.b) a. struck down New York’s law limiting bakers to a ten hour workday. b. declared unconstitutional a law providing special protection for women workers. c. declared that prohibiting child labor would require a constitutional amendment. d. upheld the constitutionality of a law enabling business to fire labor organizers. 18. What progressive-inspired city government system utilized an elected city council which appointed qualified managers to run city departments? (C.2.b) a. The Commission System b. The Council-manager System c. The Reform-mayor System d. The Commission-Manager System 19. Despite the Supreme Court’s striking down of the Keating Owen Act, how do we know that progressives had success in the area of child labor? (C.2.b) a. The federal government passed sweeping laws banning child labor. b. Nearly every state passed legislation banning child labor and setting maximum hours for all workers. c. The Supreme Court reversed their decision in Lochner v. New York. d. Muller v. Oregon upheld a ten hour work day for men. 20. Which of the following is an accurate example of how mayors instituted progressive reforms in their cities? (C.2.b) a. Mayors like William “Boss” Tweed set up commissions to investigate political corruption. b. Mayors like Hazen Pengree instituted a fairer tax system, lowered public transportation fares, and set up work relief for the unemployed. c. Mayors like Robert M. La Follette set up a commission to regulate RR rates and forbade railroads from issuing free passes to city officials. d. Mayors like Florence Kelley helped win passage of laws banning child labor.