Progressive Era Vocabulary Preview

Progressive Era
Vocabulary Preview
Rural to urban migration
Massive immigration
Gilded Age = name applied to post Civil
War era to describe the greed and poverty
that lurked beneath the surface of society
Progressive movement = middle class
reformers who wanted to improve society
Can you think of any Progressives
Villaraigosa – Progressive mayor
Labor union – SEIU
Conservation = the idea that some wilderness should
be preserved, while some should be developed for the
common good
Muckrakers = journalists who wrote and
took photographs about poverty and the
corrupt side of business
Upton Sinclair
Jacob Riis
More muckrakers
Lewis Hine photo of child labor
Lewis Hine taking a photograph
of children. Notice that the
photographs not spontaneous,
but staged.
Muckrakers today
L.A. Times columnist
Woodward and Bernstein’s stories
about the Watergate scandal forced
the resignation of President Nixon
in 1974
Political machines = An organized group that
controlled the activities of a political party in the city;
had some positive effects
Who Stole the People’s Money?
Political machines and corruption
today in Los Angeles
Delgadillo trying to explain why
taxpayers had to pay for a car
crashed by his wife
Mayor and girlfriend
Jim Crow: legalized segregation
(separation) of races.
Called “separate but
equal” but it was
anything but that
Jim Crow today?
Labor Unions
Workers who join together to form an
organization that collectively bargains for
better pay and working conditions.
Strike = when workers refuse to work because
they want higher wages and benefits or to
protest working conditions
An example from today
Trusts = businesses that gained control of
other businesses through buying of stock in
other companies