Chapter 7/8 Study Guide Answer Key 1. Country was debt, people were in debt, federal government couldn’t collect taxes, inflation because money lost it’s value. 2. They were trying to prevent any group from becoming too powerful. To keep the power in the hands of the people. 3. bicameral 4. Took away Native American’s lands. They were forced to move west. 5. Congress had not authority to raise money through taxes, no control over foreign trade, can’t force states to carry out laws, all 13 states had to agree to any amendments making it nearly impossible to correct problems. 6. We won the Revolutionary War. Decided how Western lands would be settled. 7. Farmers couldn’t pay their taxes, their lands were being taken, they rebelled. 8. Virginia Plan. Big states 9. New Jersey Plan. Small states. 10. By population in the House of Representatives (proportional). Senate has equal representation (2 per state). 11. Counted 3 out of every 5 slaves towards representation in the House and towards taxation. 12. James Madison 13. George Washington – president of the Constitutional Convention (led the meetings)- people trusted him. George Mason – Father of the Bill of Rights. Gorverneur Morris –polished the final draft of the Constitution. 14. Ratifying the Constitution (which created a strong federal government). The Federalist Papers. 15. Authority of the people. 16. Means the same thing as popular sovereignty. We give the government our “consent” to govern us. If they aren’t doing their job we can withdraw our consent. 17. The Federal government shares power with the state governments. 18. Enumerated are listed powers of the Federal government. Reserved powers are powers that belong to the states. 19. Concurrent powers are powers that both the Federal and state governments share (like taxes and roads). 20. Enumerated = coin money, regulate interstate and foreign trade, maintain armed forces, create federal courts. Reserved = establish schools, pass marriage and divorce laws, regulate trade within a state. Concurrent = taxes, borrow money, provide for public welfare, carry out criminal justice 21. Legislative = makes laws. Executive = carries out laws. Judicial = rules on Constitutionality of laws (interprets) 22. Checks and balances 23. Veto 24. Basic civil liberties (religion, speech, petition, assembly, press) 25. Due process – all people are treated equally and fairly under the law. 26. Right to trial by jury.