Chapter 7/8 Study Guide Answer Key Country was debt, people

Chapter 7/8 Study Guide Answer
1. Country was debt, people were in
debt, federal government
couldn’t collect taxes, inflation
because money lost it’s value.
2. They were trying to prevent any
group from becoming too
powerful. To keep the power in
the hands of the people.
3. bicameral
4. Took away Native American’s
lands. They were forced to move
5. Congress had not authority to
raise money through taxes, no
control over foreign trade, can’t
force states to carry out laws, all
13 states had to agree to any
amendments making it nearly
impossible to correct problems.
6. We won the Revolutionary War.
Decided how Western lands
would be settled.
7. Farmers couldn’t pay their taxes,
their lands were being taken, they
8. Virginia Plan. Big states
9. New Jersey Plan. Small states.
10. By population in the House of
Representatives (proportional).
Senate has equal representation
(2 per state).
11. Counted 3 out of every 5 slaves
towards representation in the
House and towards taxation.
12. James Madison
13. George Washington – president
of the Constitutional Convention
(led the meetings)- people trusted
him. George Mason – Father of
the Bill of Rights. Gorverneur
Morris –polished the final draft
of the Constitution.
14. Ratifying the Constitution (which
created a strong federal
government). The Federalist
15. Authority of the people.
16. Means the same thing as popular
sovereignty. We give the
government our “consent” to
govern us. If they aren’t doing
their job we can withdraw our
17. The Federal government shares
power with the state
18. Enumerated are listed powers of
the Federal government.
Reserved powers are powers that
belong to the states.
19. Concurrent powers are powers
that both the Federal and state
governments share (like taxes and
20. Enumerated = coin money,
regulate interstate and foreign
trade, maintain armed forces,
create federal courts. Reserved =
establish schools, pass marriage
and divorce laws, regulate trade
within a state. Concurrent =
taxes, borrow money, provide for
public welfare, carry out criminal
21. Legislative = makes laws.
Executive = carries out laws.
Judicial = rules on
Constitutionality of laws
22. Checks and balances
23. Veto
24. Basic civil liberties (religion,
speech, petition, assembly, press)
25. Due process – all people are
treated equally and fairly under
the law.
26. Right to trial by jury.