Agenda—Day 67: 12/16/08 *Check and go over Religions Test Review Packet *Play Jeopardy * *Homework—Study! Study! Study! 1. Review Packet 2. Review Slideshow 3. Play Jeopardy 4. castlelearning.com – World Religions Attach the following sheets to the review packet: 1. Review Packet 2. Completed Vocabulary Worksheet 3. Muslim Contributions Mind-Map 4. Hinduism vs. Buddhism Chart 5. World Religion and Philosophies Chart World Religions and Philosophies Test Review 1. Covenant—a promise between G—d and the Hebrews •Promised to protect Abraham and the Hebrews •Promised to obey G—d 2. Moses: 1. Led Exodus 2. Part Red Sea 3. Received 10 Commandments from Yahweh 3. Apostles were the 12 followers of Jesus that helped spread his teaching after his death. 4. Constantine made Christianity acceptable in the Edict of Milan 5. Differences between Christianity and Judaism: 1. Attitude towards Jesus 2. Day of worship 6. Similarities between Christianity and Judaism: 1. Monotheistic 2. 10 Commandments 3. Jerusalem is an important city 7. Hinduism is Polytheistic ! Brahma Vishnu Shiva 8. Hinduism is practiced in India today. 9. Caste system: social classes based on occupation. You are born into it and you can not change it. 10. Born into a caste for life and determines occupation, who you may marry and who you can associate. In other words, EVERYTHING! 11. Many people are moving to cities to escape their caste, therefore weakening the caste system. 12. Four main castes: Brahmins Kshatriyas Vaishya Sudras Untouchables 13. Brahma Vishnu Shiva the creator the protector the destroyer 14. Hindus are expected to bath in the Ganges River once in their lifetime. 15. Dharma – duties and obligations that each caste must follow. Karma (deeds or actions) determines your caste 16. Reincarnation = Rebirth 17. Siddartha Gautama became enlightened while mediatating under a Bodhi tree 18. The Four Noble Truths: 1. Suffering is a part of existence 2. Suffering comes from desire 3. To end suffering, you must end desire 4. Follow Eightfold Path/Middle Way 19. Allah is the Islamic god 20. Hijrah—Muhammad’s journey from Mecca to Medina *Signifies the establishment of the Islamic faith 21. Mosque—Islamic house of worship 22. FIVE PILLARS: DECLARE FAITH IN ONLY ALLAH FIVE PILLARS: PRAYER 5 TIMES A DAY •Facing city of Mecca FIVE PILLARS: ALMS / CHARITY TO THE POOR FIVE PILLARS: FASTING DURING RAMADAN •9TH Month in Islamic calendar •Fast from sunrise to sunset FIVE PILLARS: PILGRIMMAGE (HAJJ) TO MECCA •Once in a lifetime visit the Ka’aba 23. Muslims were tolerant to those they conquered in the early years of the religion 24/25. Comparison of Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism Buddhism ● Support caste ● Polytheistic Reject caste Philosophy ● Practiced in India Practiced in Asia Similarities ●Reincarnation and karma ●Moksha/nirvana ●Began in India 26. Confucianism: 1. SOCIAL ORDER! Everyone must follow their role in society. 2. FILIAL PIETY! Show respect for family and elders 3. Individuals should know and do what is expected of them 4. Education 5. Good Government 27. 5 Relationships Ruler/Subject Father/Son Husband/Wife Older brother/Younger brother Friend/Friend 28. Natural order! Live simply and in harmony with nature 29. Confucianism vs. Taoism SOCIAL NATURAL 30. Shintoism: 1. Respect for the forces of nature 2. Worship of ancestors 31. Shintoism is mainly practiced in Japan 32. Most Japanese practice both Buddhism and Shintoism 33. Animism—collection of beliefs that all living and nonliving things have a spirit and ancestor worship 34. Shintoism, Animism and Taoism: 1. Believe in respect and appreciation for the forces of nature 2. Believe everything in nature has a spirit. 35. Shintoism and Animism: Belief in ancestor worship 36. 10 Commandments, Eightfold Path and Five Pillars are all guidelines for living.