# Scientific Method Notes

```First Five 9/5
1. No first five today.
We will be checking
out books so do
number 2, have a
seat and wait
patiently.
2. Turn in safety
contract and
syllabus to the box
Schedule
1.Book Check out
2.Card activity
4.Safety Quiz
GQ: How do you stay safe
in a lab situation?
HW: Syllabus – due today
Safety contract – due
today
“ID” Card
1. On the top left corner write your name.
2. On the top right corner write your
favorite color.
3. On the bottom left write one exciting
thing you did this summer.
4. On the bottom right write one teacher
expectation.
5. In the middle write one word that
describes you.
First Five 9/8
1. Write down
everything you
scientific method.
2. Take out sunsets,
souls, and senses
3. Hang up Safety
posters using Blue
tape in the front of
room
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Card activity
3.Scientific Method Notes
GQ: How do I determine the
significant parts of the
scientific method?
HW: Sunsets, souls, senses
– due today
Fixed Safety Quiz
– due tomorrow
Card Order Activity
1. Observe the order the cards are placed
in.
2. Write down 2 -3 guesses about what
order they are placed in.
order of the cards.
First Five 9/15
1. List the parts of
the scientific
method we talked
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Scientific Method Notes
3. Finish Testable
questions/hypothesis
GQ: How do I determine the
significant parts of the scientific
method?
HW: Lab Notebook – Monday
Sunsets, souls, senses – Tomorrow
Variable Practice wkst – Due Friday
Science is a Search for
Knowledge
=zrzMhU_4m-g
Steps of the Scientific Method
1. Observations. Make Observations using your 5 senses.
Which senses are missing?
2. Research question. Observations make us ask
testable questions about what we experience.
Testable Questions have
• A manipulated variable
(Independent variable)
• A responding variable
(Dependent variable)
Testable Question Formats
manipulated
variable
responding
variable
• Does changing _______ affect _______?
manipulated
variable
responding
variable
• How does changing _____ affect _____?
manipulated
variable
responding
variable
• If I change ______ will it affect ______?
manipulated
variable
responding
variable
• What is the effect of ______ on _______?
Is this question testable?
Which brand of shoe makes you run
faster Nike or New Balance?
How can we make it testable?
What is the independent variable?
What is the dependent variable?
What is the new testable question?
Change the following into
testable questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
What affects plant growth?
What makes dishes clean?
Can water boiling time be changed?
Does carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
cause the atmosphere to warm?
5. Is achievement in school higher when
students are tested frequently?
First Five 9/16
1. Turn the following
non-testable
question into a
testable question.
How does a paper
airplane fly?
2. Take out sunsets,
souls, and
senses.
3. Collect work from
center of room.
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Continue Scientific Method
Notes
3. Finish Testable
questions/hypothesis
GQ: How do I determine the
significant parts of the scientific
method?
HW: Lab Notebook - Monday
Variable Practice wkst – Due Fri
3. Hypothesis
• A hypothesis is a possible explanation
that is based on observation and seeks
• Write it as an “If…(I do this) then…(this
is what I think will happen)” statement.
• Must include both the independent and
dependent variables.
3. Hypothesis
Ex: “If the gene for glowing is inserted into
a plant, then the plant will produce the
glowing trait.”
Create Hypotheses for the
following
• Does changing the type of liquid affect
how quickly a nail will corrode (rust)?
• Does the brand of detergent affect how
thoroughly it gets a grass stain out?
• How does the type of light affect how
quickly a plant will grow?
• Does surface temperature of a glass
affect fingerprints?
• Do artificial sugars attract ants?
First Five 9/17
1. Write a hypothesis
for the following
question.
• What is the effect
of pH on the
lifespan of
2. Pick up work from
middle of room.
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Practice Procedure writing
GQ: How do I determine the
significant parts of the scientific
method?
HW:
1. Lab Notebook - Monday
2. Variable Practice wkst – Due
Tomorrow
Critical Thinking Questions at the
end of each section – due Monday
4. Safety Quiz Corrections – due
tomorrow
4. Experiment
Definition = A controlled test of a
hypothesis is called an experiment.
• A valid experiment needs:
1. Independent variable
2. Dependent variable
3. Control group
Independent Variable
• What happens when a fire fly gene (the
tobacco plant genes?
Controlled Experiment
• One test group (the control group) is
not exposed to the tested effect (gene
for glowing).
• One test group (independent variable)
is exposed to the tested effect (gene for
glowing).
The Control Group
• Keep an identical control group for
comparison.
• This plant did not receive the fire fly
gene.
• It’s a control.
First Five 9/18
1. What is the
independent and
dependent
variables for your
2. Turn in Variable
practice and
safety corrections
to box.
3. Pick up work from
middle of room.
Schedule
1.First Five
GQ: How do I set up a valid
experiment?
HW:
1. Lab Notebook - Monday
2. Variable Practice wkst – Due
Today
Critical Thinking Questions at the
end of each section – due Monday
4. Safety Quiz Corrections – due
today
First Five 9/21
1. Make a list of good
table.
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Pre lab Practice
GQ: How do I design a
valid scientific
experiment?
HW:
1. Lab Notebook - Today
Thinking Questions – Due
Today
3. Tutor Sessions
Today and Wednesday
First Five 9/22
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Prelab practice
1. If you were to graph this
table what axis would pH
GQ: How do I design a
and collect measurements
for today.
HW:
1.Lab Notebook – Tomorrow
2. Tutor Sessions
Wednesday
3. Observation Article – Due
Thursday
First Five 9/25
1. What happened in
experiment?
Schedule
1.First Five
3.Grub Lab
GQ: How do I design and
run an experiment?
HW:
2.Grub Lab – Due Fri 10/2
3.SciMeth and Char of Life
Test – Fri 10/2
5. Results
The observations or measurements in the
experiment depend on the independent
variable and are called the dependent
variable.
The dependent variable here is whether the
resulting plants will glow
or not.
It depends on the gene (independent
variable).
5. Results
• The dependent variable measured
during the experiment becomes data.
• Data is evidence to support the
hypothesis. Data must be observable
or measurable in someway.
• Data cannot be an opinion or emotion.
Data
• Look at data for patterns and trends.
• Data is put into graphs and charts to
make patterns more visible.
• Only data is used to
First Five 9/16
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Conclusion Activity
3.Conclusion Notes
1. What are the three
things that must be
included in a
GQ: How do I determine
conclusion?
the significant parts of the
scientific method?
HW:
1.Lab Notebook –
Wednesday
2.IV and DV Study session
Today and Tomorrow
from 2:10 – 3:00
6. Conclusions
• Conclusions are only valid if data
supports them.
• Reject the hypothesis if the data does
not support the hypothesis.
• Data supports or not; it does NOT prove
anything.
Conclusions cont’...
• Error Analysis is part of an experiment.
• List only KNOWN errors in the
measurements.
• DO NOT list your guesses (e.g. “We
might have....).
First Five 9/23
1. What are five
detailed
observations of this
room?
2. Measure your
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab
GQ: How do I make quality
observations and create
testable questions from
them?
HW:
1.Lab Notebook – Today
2.IV and DV Study session
Today from 2:10 – 3:00
3. Observation Article – due
Tomorrow
Quantitative
• There are nine dolphins in
this pod
• Dolphins eat the equivalent of
4-5 percent of their body mass
each day
Qualitative
• Dolphin color ranges from
gray to white.
•Dolphins in a pod engage in
play behavior
•Dolphins have smooth skin
• The sonar frequency most
often used by the dolphins is
around 100kHz
First Five 9/24
1. What is one thing
the grubs?
2. Turn in your
Observation wkst.
3. Measure your
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab
GQ: How do I design and
run an experiment?
HW:
1. Observation Article – Due
Today
THE GRUBBY GRUB LAB
MYP Style
Background Observations:
Make careful observations of your grubs and
their behavior on the 3rd page of your lab
notebook. List at least 10.
• Possible Environmental Factors: Given the
materials supplied by the teacher, list 5 possible
environmental factors that you could alter that
might affect the grubs.
• Research Questions: Write 5 possible testable
research questions that you could investigate
with a valid scientific experiment. Circle the
research question that you want to investigate.
First Five 9/22
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab
1. When you graph
GQ: How do I design and
variable goes on the run an experiment?
x-axis? The y-axis?
HW:
1. SciMeth Test Review –
due Wed 9/24
2. Test pkt and Test – due
Thurs 9/25
3. Grub Lab – Due Thurs
Theory
• When many hypotheses have
a large body of data and
support they are unified into a
Theory.
qV0_PTc
First Five 9/28
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab
1. What are your
independent and
GQ: How do I design and
dependent variables run an experiment?
HW:
tomorrow
2.SciMeth Test Review – due
Thursday
2. Test pkt and Test – due Fri
10/2
3. Grub Lab – Due Fri 10/2
First Five 9/29
1. If I wanted to know
what light does to
grubs, what are my
IV, DV, Control, and
constants for my
experiment?
Lab to the box
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab
GQ: How do I design and
run an experiment?
HW:
2.SciMeth Test Review – due
Thursday
2. Test pkt and Test – due Fri
10/2
3. Grub Lab – Due Mon 10/5
First Five 9/23
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Grub Lab Final Draft
1. Which parts of your
grub lab do you
GQ: How do I design and
think should receive run an experiment?
the most points?
HW:
1. SciMeth Test Review –
due Tomorrow
2. Test pkt and Test – due
Thurs 9/25
3. Grub Lab – Due Thurs
First Five 9/24
1. Take out your
SciMeth Test review
and write down any
questions you still
scientific method.
papers.
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Review
3.Grub Lab Final Draft
GQ: How do I design and
run an experiment?
HW:
1. SciMeth Test Review –
due Today
2. Test pkt and Test – due
Tomorrow 9/25
3. Grub Lab – Due Friday
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Metric System Review
First Five 9/23 Lab
3. Finish Yeast lab write-up
1. What is the metric 4. Work on Pre-lab Practice
system?
GQ: How do I use the
2. What is the range of metric system accurately?
HW: Yeast lab – Due Today
cylinder?
Pre-Lab Practice – due
3. What does each line tomorrow
represent on a
Schedule
First Five 9/24 1.First Five
1. If Ms. K were to give 2.Bean Lab Set-up
you an irregular
shaped pebble and GQ: How do I use the
Scientific method to set up
an experiment on Beans?
cylinder, describe (in
complete
HW:
sentences) how you Pre-Lab Practice – due today
Bean Lab – Due Fri.
Review – Due Mon
finding the volume Packet – Due Tues
SciMeth Test – Due Tues 10/1
of the pebble.
Practice to the box
Data Table 2: Bean Mass
Bean Mass
(Measured in
grams)
Day 1
Day 2
Mass of empty
Mass of empty
Mass of water
and cylinder
Mass of water
Mass of beans
Mass of beans,
water, and
cylinder
Mass of water
and beans
X
Change
Schedule
First Five 9/25 1.First Five
1. How many different 2.Bean Lab Day 1
3.Clean up
types of
measurements are
you taking in the
bean lab?
2. What are the units
you are using for
each?
GQ: How do I use the
Scientific method to set up
an experiment on Beans?
HW:
Bean Lab – Due Fri.
Review – Due Mon
Packet – Due Tues
SciMeth Test – Due Tues 10/1
Schedule
First Five 9/26 1.First Five
1. When you are done 2.Bean Lab Day 2
3.Clean up
with this lab, how
many paragraphs
GQ: How do I use the
should be in your
Scientific method to
conclusion section? perform an experiment on
Beans?
HW:
Bean Lab – Due Tomorrow
Review – Due Mon
Packet – Due Tues
SciMeth Test – Due Tues 10/1
First Five 9/27
1. Make a list of good
table.
Schedule
1.First Five
2.Bean Lab Write up fine
tuning
3.Work on review
GQ: How do I write a
complete MYP lab
experiment on Beans?
HW:
Bean Lab – Due Monday
Review – Due Tues
Packet – Due Wed 10/2
SciMeth Test – Due Wed 10/2
```