Buying a Home

a Home
You will appreciate this
lesson in 10 years. SO SAVE
Get Your Credit Checked
 Before
anyone lends you money, they will
ask to see your credit report
 A credit report is a summary of your
financial history.
It shows your previous and current debts,
and whether or not you've had any
problems in the past paying off those debts.
Miss Culver’s TIP O’ THE DAY
 Pay
off all your bills (cell phone, credit
card, etc.) when you are young and
starting out to build good credit
pre-approval is a beginning discussion
with a potential mortgage lender to find
out the maximum amount they will lend
you and at what interest rate.
Getting your finances in check
Buying a house is one of the most important
decisions you will make in your lifetime
Very few people can afford to buy a home
outright, most need some sort of loan
A common theory is that your housing should
not cost more than 30% of your income
Down Payment
down payment is the amount of money
that you pay at the time of purchase
toward the price of your home.
 Your mortgage loan covers the rest.
 When
buying a home, the minimum down
payment is at least 5% of the purchase
 For example, to buy a home that costs
$250,000, you will need a minimum of
$12,500 as your down payment.
Miss. Culver’s TIP O’ THE DAY
 Save
as much as you can for your down
payment. A larger down payment means
you need a smaller mortgage, which will
save you thousands of dollars in interest
Mortgage Payments
 Interest
Vs. Principal
 Principal: The amount of money that you
borrowed from a lender to pay for your
 Interest: The amount paid by a borrower
to a lender for the use of the money.
Miss Culver’s FACT O’ THE DAY
 During
a 25-year mortgage, depending
on the interest rates charged on your
mortgage, the total amount of your
payments could be double the amount
that you originally borrowed, or even
Mortgage Types
 Open
Mortgage: mortgage that can be
prepaid at any time during the term,
without paying a prepayment charge.
 Closed Mortgage: A mortgage
agreement that cannot be changed
before the end of the term. You will
usually have to pay a charge to break or
change your mortgage agreement.
Open vs. Closed
Open Mortgage Good If:
Closed Mortgage Good if:
You plan to sell your home
you are planning to stay in
your home for the remainder
of the term of your loan.
You plan to make large
the prepayment privileges
provide enough flexibility for
the prepayments you
expect to make
Amortization period
 The
amortization period is the length of
time it takes to pay off a mortgage in full.
 *Not
the same as the mortgage term
Miss Culver’s TIP O’ THE DAY
 it
is to your advantage to choose the
shortest amortization period—that is, the
largest mortgage payments—that you
can comfortably afford.
Mortgage Term
 The
length of time your mortgage
agreement including the interest rate, will
be in effect.
 Terms can range from just a few months
to five years or longer.
You plan to move
You do not plan to move
You think interest rates will
go down
You want to “lock in” to
a lower interest rate
Interest rates
 Fixed:
A mortgage loan where the interest
rate and payment amount do not
change for a specific term.
 Variable:
A mortgage with an interest rate
that can increase or decrease during the
Interest Rates in Canada
Mortgage Default Insurance
 You
must pay for mortgage default
insurance if your down payment is less
than 20% of the purchase price of your
Other Costs to Consider
 Closing
 Moving costs
 Realtor costs
 Utility hook-up costs
 Buying furniture and appliances
 Painting and cleaning
 Property taxes