English 12 Final Exam Review Spring 2015 Your final exam this semester will be in the same skills-based format as last semester. Not only are you expected to know the literature and terms we have studied, but you are required to apply this knowledge in order to demonstrate mastery of analysis skills. This review guide will help you by refreshing your memory of each piece of literature as well as delineating most of the terms used on the exam. All of these terms should be in your notes. Satire/Persuasion Satire - define What is an author’s general purpose in writing satirically? Five Elements of Satire and definitions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Two types of irony, and examples Aristotle's 3 Methods of Appeal and explanations 1. 2. 3. The rhetorical triangle (its relevance) Author Audience Purpose Parts of an effective argument 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Claim Statement Proof (Reasons) Commentary Counterargument Refutation Literature to know- for each piece, provide an overview of its claim, reasons, etc. "A Modest Proposal,” by ___________________________ Overall claim: How the plan will be implemented Reasons this is a good idea Counterargument Refutation Provide an example of Swift's use of Pathos Provide an example of Swift's use of Logos Provide an example of Swift's use of Ethos Philosophy Existentialism (some major tenets) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Major Names associated with this philosophy 1. 2. 3. Which philosopher is considered ‘humanist?’ Kierkegaard's Three Stages with description of each 1. 2. 3. Nietzsche’s ideas: Define the Herd and Ubermensch, and explain his statement that “God is dead” List some major ideas from the Ch. 19 packet for each of the following: Nietzsche Marx Mill Utilitarianism Determinism Nihilism Communism Darwinism The Stranger Review your study guides for plot and characters Anti-hero Main theme Major images “The Myth of Sisyphus” Absurdism Dante's La Divina Comedia -- Review your handout. Provide a brief summary of the reading below. Know: Which crime(s) Dante considered the most egregious The three differing parts of Dante’s trilogy How Hell is structured What level ancient philosophers are placed at What we learn about the poet Virgil, what ‘shades’ are, and where they can be found Religion (the ones we studied in class) AND more philosophy Know: Which religion appeared first? Which is the fastest growing religion? Founders and prophets for Islam, Judaism and Christianity Names of the Jewish and Muslim holy books What Buddhists try to ‘reach’ Why is Buddha depicted the way he usually is? What Catholics believe in that Jews do not (at least two things) Where should Muslims attempt to make a pilgrimage to once in their lives? Which religions believe in reincarnation? Formal name for Mormonism Head of the Catholic Church, and the location of its headquarters Which three religions consider Jerusalem a holy city? Main difference between Catholics and other Christians in terms of the afterlife Which religion(s) believe that redemption is available for almost every sin, still allowing one to reach heaven? What does the concept of karma entail? The Canterbury Tales (“Wife of Bath” and “Pardoner”) Know the prologue, characters, plot lines for both stories, purpose of the pilgrimage, number of pilgrims, and occupations of the two storytellers Archetypes Know: The general category of archetypes we began our discussions with What is the most common archetype in ‘Superhero’ films? Know whether each of us has just one, or can have many varied archetypal traits How archetypes can help us identify: Which archetypes have shadow sides Whether our archetypes are set in stone, or can change as we live through experiences Research suggests that knowing our own archetype(s) is beneficial in which ways?