Study Guide Exam 1 Nutrition and Health

Study Guide Exam 1 Nutrition and Health
Discuss the factors that influence food choice.
Define the term nutrition.
Name and explain the six categories of nutrients found in food and in the body.
Differentiate between the three energy nutrients: carbohydrate, protein, and fat.
Understand the important roles that vitamins, minerals, and water play in your diet.
Describe the tools used to collect data about dietary intake
Know how dietary diet is typically assessed and the strengths and limitations of the
assessment tools (emphasis on My Plate)
List the functions of carbohydrates and fats in the body.
Describe the guidelines for carbohydrate and fat intake
Identify good food sources for carbohydrates and fats.
Describe the potential health implications of consuming too much
or too little carbohydrates and fats.
Explain how proteins are different from carbohydrates and lipids.
Describe the basic structure of an amino acid.
Explain the difference between essential and nonessential amino acids.
Identify the functions of protein in the body.
Identify sources of protein in the diet.
Explain the health consequences of consuming too little or too much protein.
Describe the benefits and risks of a vegetarian diet.
Know the recommendations for protein intake
Understand the concept of nitrogen balance
Know the standard serving sizes for alcohol
Explain how the body absorbs alcohol.
Describe how alcohol is circulated throughout the body.
Describe how men and women metabolize alcohol differently.
Describe how alcohol can be harmful.