1600-1750 Known as the “gilded age”. Baroque means bizarre or flamboyant Baroque music characteristics 1. Used terraced dynamics. 2. Homophonic texture is used in many works. 3. Very busy music with many notes. 4. Word painting is still used in vocal music. New forms of the Baroque 1. In dance, ballet grew from court dance. 2. Opera is a new musical form. 3. Bach writes many fugues. 4. Oratorios are also created. Like an opera, but with no sets, scenery, or costumes and with a sacred text. Monteverdi – Italian-composed the oldest opera still performed today “Orfeo” Vivaldi-Italian-composed many concerti including “Spring” from “The Four Seasons” Bach – German- church organist; composed fugues, cantatas, etc. , all forms of the day except opera Handel – German-travels in England and Italy as well: known for oratorios: “The Messiah”.