Spanish American War

Do Now: Copy into your Notes
• The United States began to become a
world power in the late 1800s. The U.S.
went to war with Spain in 1898, and
gained several colonies, including the
Philippines and Puerto Rico.
Review – Answers on ½ sheet and
hand in for quiz grade
• 1. Explain how Manifest Destiny was an
example of imperialism.
• 2. What are three reasons for U.S.
• 3. Explain how U.S. foreign policy changed
from the 1790s to the 1890s.
Spanish-American War (1898)
• Imperialist War against
the Spanish empire
• Causes:
• 1. Yellow Journalism
newspapers printed
sensationalist headlines
to get the American
public in favor of a war
with Spain
• The newspapers
wanted the U.S. to
take Cuba for its sugar
and tobacco
Causes of the War
• 2. Explosion of the USS Maine in Havana, Cuba
• People assumed that Spain blew up the ship, and
this led President McKinley to declare war
Spanish-American War (1898)
• The U.S.
defeated the
weak Spanish
empire in 4
• More American
soldiers died
from malaria
than in battle
Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough
• Teddy Roosevelt recruited a
group of soldiers called the
Rough Riders
• Roosevelt used his fame to
get elected Governor of
New York in 1898, then
Vice President in 1900.
• He became President in
1901 when McKinley was
Spanish-American War (1898)
• Results:
• 1. The U.S. becomes a world power
• 2. U.S. gains several territories
• - the Philippines (in Asia)
• - Puerto Rico
• - Guam (South Pacific)
• 3. Cuba The U.S. promises to give Cuba
independence, but it has a heavy influence
• Platt Amendment allows the U.S. to intervene in
Cuba when it thinks it is necessary
Other Territories
• 1867 U.S. buys
Alaska from Russia
• 1898 U.S. annexes
• Do you think that the U.S. should have fought
the Spanish-American War? Explain your