The Foreign Policies of Jimmy Carter I. II. The I_________ H_______________ C_________ a. Background i. By the 1950s, Iran saw itself in a power struggle ii. US supported R________ S_______ (S________ = title for Iranian leader) iii. M______________ M_______________ wins democratic election iv. US helps the S_______ launch a coup against democratically elected M________ v. Key Point: US replaces a democratically elected M______________ with a dictatorship under the S__________ vi. US continues support of the S__________ afterwards and helps train the secret police called the S_____________ b. I________________ R___________________ begins (1979) i. Brutal tactics of the S____________ (secret police) to keep power ii. E_________________ downturn iii. Shah is deposed by the revolution and exiled c. The Power Struggle Begins i. A___________________ K___________________ returns from exile in France (14 years) after Shah took power 1. Islamic Fundamentalist leader who preached a strong anti-American message ii. The Triggering Point 1. US allows the S_______ to enter the country for C___________ treatment at the MAYO Clinic 2. November 4, 1979 an angry mob led by S_________________ attacked the American Embassy in Tehran, capturing _________ American employees d. Carter’s Response i. ii. iii. 1. Operation E_____________ C__________ a. b. e. Results i. ii. iii. Why? Carter’s other Foreign Policies a. Easing dependence on f_____________ o_____- emphasized conservation and the development alternative energy sources (solar, wind); however, these efforts were overshadowed by the mishap at the nuclear power plant in T__________ M_______ I______________ in Pennsylvania b. P______________ C___________ T______________: agreement allowed P__________ to take control of the canal by the end of 1999; many citizens angered – represented a decline in American power c. In 1979, Carter officially recognized Communist C__________; a step initiated by N___ d. Helped broker 1979 C_________ D________ A__________ between Israel & Egypt e. S__________ invasion of A__________________; Carter responds by blocking shipments of grain to the USSR and boycotting the 1980 Summer Olympics in the USSR; many Americans were angered by the response because the US appeared WEAK!