Carbs and Lipids Review

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Name: _________________________________________
Date:_________ Period: _____
Carbohydrates and Lipids Review
1. Complete the concept map of carbohydrates.
glucose
energy storage
starch
C6 H12 O6
polysaccharide
CARBOHYDRATES
(macromolecule)
structural support
disaccharide
sucrose
maltose
Functions:
Monosaccharides
_____________________
CF:
CF:
________________________
CF: C? H? O?
galactose
fructose
lactose
cellulose
glycogen
1. What is the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen atoms in all carbohydrates?
2. Using the terms above, give an example of an isomer and explain why.
3. If @ = 1 monomer, then what is the diagram below, a monosaccharide, disaccharide, polysaccharide?
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___________________________________
4. Does the structural formula below represent a monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide? How do
you know?
+ _____  _________+_________
5. Complete the rest of the reaction above by filling in the blanks if the first reactant is lactose.
6. What type of reaction is this and state 2 reasons how you know.
7. Complete the concept map for lipids.
triglyceride
3 fatty acids
energy storage
phospholipid
insulation
hormones
glycerol
LIPIDS
(macromolecule)
Functions:
__________________
__________________
carbons are fulfilled
with hydrogens; no
double bonds
Steroids
Waxes
glycerol
lubrication
unsaturated
structural support
phosphate group
cell membranes
saturated
______________
Found:
________________
carbons not fulfilled
with hydrogens;
double bonds present
2 fatty acids
8. Is there a set chemical formula for lipids (triglycerides, waxes, steroids, or phospholipids)?
9. Label each of the letters below.
A___________________ + B_______________  C _______________________ + D _______
9. Use the reaction below to answer the following questions.
a. What are your reactants in this reaction?
b. What are your products in this reaction?
c. What type of reaction is this and how do you know?
10. What type of reaction formed this polymer? How do you know?
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