Testing Yourself Climate and Climate Change ____1.Climate can be determined on any given day. ___ 2. Weather can be determined on any given day. ___ 3. Climate is determined by latitude. ___ 4. Latitude is the distance east or west of the equator. ___ 5. A microclimate is a local area where the climate is different from the surrounding area. ___ 6. Warm air sinks because it is more dense than cold air. ___ 7. Oceanic circulation patterns can affect air temperature. ___ 8. Water changes temperature more slowly than land. ___ 9. Air heats up more slowly than land or water. ___ 10. Rainshadow effects are often observed near mountains. climate rainshadow effect microclimate weather differential heating and cooling 1. The long-term weather patterns determine an areas _________________. 2. A _______________ can be found in leaf litter on the forest floor because the temperature is very different at the top than underneath the leaves. 3. Because of the ________________________, areas inland of mountainous regions do not get as much precipitation as along the coast. 4. _____________ is determined by the daily atmospheric conditions. 5. Land heating up faster than water is known as ______________________. ___1. differential heating and cooling ___ 2. latitude ___ 3. climate ___ 4. weather ___ 5. microclimate a. the distance north or south of the equator b. water retains its temperature longer than air or land c. long-term weather patterns determined by temperature and precipitation d. A local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area. e. atmospheric conditions on a given day 1.What is climate? 2. What determines climate? 3. What is differential heating and cooling?