Anatomy Review guide Unit1

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Chapter 1 Review Guide - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
1. Describe the difference between ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY
2. Know the levels of organization, from simplest to most complex
4. Define homeostasis. Know the components of a negative feedback loop and be able to label them on a
sample pathway.
Control center, Target organ, Receptor, Sensory pathway, Efferent Pathway
5. Describe how negative feedback and positive feedback act to regulate body function.
Ex/ Calcium homeostasis- A rise in blood calcium levels causes a release of a hormone from the thyroid
gland. This hormone then promotes Calcium deposition in the bone, removing it from the blood. Is this an
example of negative or positive feedback? Could you draw a diagram of this feedback loop?
6. Describe the body cavities, what organs are found in each and be able to identify them on a diagram.
(See handouts, diagram below, and flow chart notes)
7. Describe the 11 organ systems (MURDERS LINC), their functions, and organs found in each
8. Describe the ANATOMICAL POSITION, know its importance
9. Know the relative directional terms:
deep/superficial
lateral/medial
superior/inferior
proximal/distal
anterior/posterior
cranial/caudal
dorsal/ventral
prone/supine
2.
8.
14.
3.
9.
15.
4.
10.
16.
5.
11.
17.
Ex/
The lungs are _______ to the stomach.
The ankle is ____to the toes.
6.
12. A scrape is ____to a stomach cramp.
The chest is ___to the shoulder
blades.
Name a position where the body is laying down, face down, belly to the floor.
A nurse of
informs
you that
is about
to body
give you
the lateralusing
femoral region. What portion of
Be able to describe the exact2.position
an injury
or she
point
on the
in a3shot
or 4insentences
your body
should you
uncover? See warm up “Anatomical Terms 2”
BOTH body regions and directions
(or planes
& cavities).
_________________________________________________ ____
3. Correctly
each
of the internal
body planes
by inserting
the appropriate
term
10. Understand the body planes
(sections)identify
used to
observe
structures,
be able
to label them
onfor
a each on
answer
line below
the drawing.
diagram or create them on a claythe
model
(sagittal,
transverse,
coronal/frontal)
A.
11. Describe the body regions and be able to identify them on a diagram
B.
Cephalic, frontal, buccal, nasal, mental, orbital, oral, occipital, cervical,
sternal, thoracic, acromial, axillary, scapular, lumbar, sacral, umbilical,
abdominal, coxal, inguinal, C.
carpal, manus, antecubital, olecranal,
brachial, antebrachial, femoral, fibular, pedal, tarsal, digital, plantar,
calcaneal, sural, crural, patellar
12. Know the 4 abdominal quadrants and 9 abdominopelvic regions
Ex/ If a patient is feeling pain in their liver, which
quadrant would be effected?
If a patient is complaining of pain in their right lumbar region, which organs would you be
concerned about?
Study Tips
1. Spend at least one hour reviewing your notes, pay special attention to terms
2. Review your handouts, practice naming (labeling) without looking at the answers
3. Use flash cards and try the practice Quizlet
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