Chapter 12 Practice Quiz 1. One consequence of the high death rate of priests and monks during the Black Death was that a. the church began to require communion only once a year. b. women were, for two decades, allowed to become priests. c. occasionally laymen would be allowed to give the sacraments to the dying. d. the church became impoverished. e. priests were imported from the Byzantine Empire. 2. Which factor did not lead to a decline in population in the 14th century? a. People postponed getting married until they were older. b. Malnutrition made people more vulnerable to diseases. c. People usually shared beds at home and in hospitals as well. d. Abandonment of homesteads reduced agricultural production. e. Isolation and quarantine were used. 3. Which groups did not benefit economically from the plague? a. Men seeking admission to guilds b. Rich farmers who could buy out their poorer neighbors c. Speculators d. Aristocratic landowners dependent on rents e. Wage earners 4. A major cause of the Hundred Years’ War for the French was that a. the nobles were divided in their support for Philip VI. b. a woman had become ruler of France for the first time. c. the French were urged to go to war by wealthy Flemish merchants. d. the King of France claimed the throne of England. e. the Valois dynasty ended and the Capetian dynasty began. 5. Which was not an English victory? a. Crecy b. Agincourt c. Orleans d. Poitiers e. Normandy 6. Which is not a reason for the popularity of the Hundred Years’ War in England? a. It gave many opportunities to acquire wealth and plunder. b. Anti-French propaganda was spread by the King’s officials. c. The church called it a crusade against infidels. d. Military victories enhanced nationalistic sentiments. e. The war was believed to be just and honorable. 7. Joan of Arc became the second patron saint of France because she a. was a martyr for the Christian faith. b. saved the French monarchy. c. was an early advocate of equality for woman. d. had been tried and executed for heresy and witchcraft. c. had been publicly thanked by Charles VII. 8. The impact of the Hundred Years’ War on representative assemblies was that a. both French and English assemblies were strengthened . b. neither French nor English assemblies were strengthened. c. the French but not the English assembly was strengthened. d. the English but not the French assembly was strengthened. e. representative assemblies everywhere in Europe were getting stronger, so that the Hundred Years’ War’s impact was relatively small. 9. The Babylonian Captivity and the Great Schism both demonstrate the a. vulnerability of the papacy to increasingly powerful monarchies. b. spread of heretical ideas. c. growth of lay piety. d. success of the conciliar movement. e. influence of the Italian people on the selection of the popes. 10. Wyclif’s and Marsilio of Padua’s criticisms of the Church a. were similar in that both advocated that the authority of the church be with church councils. b. differed in that Marsiglio focused on theological issues while Wyclif focused on church councils. c. led to both men’s excommunication. d. had little immediate impact. e. differed in that Marsiglio focused on political and administrative issues while Wyclif focused on theological issues. 11. Thomas a Kempis, author of the Imitation of Christ, and Bridget of Sweden are both representative of a. the conciliar movement. b. the growth of lay piety and mysticism in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. c. disillusionment with Christianity as a religion. d. the impact of religious figures on the Hundred Years’ War. e. the impact of the Black Death in the 14th century. 12. The English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 reflected the a. deteriorating conditions of the peasants. b. overwhelming success of Statute of laborers of 1351. c. rising expectations of the peasants. d. widespread support for the head tax. e. lack of common interests between urban workers and peasants. 13. Gender roles in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries changed in that a. women for the first time were granted membership in the guilds. b. many women married late in their twenties in northwestern Europe. c. prostitution was outlawed and severely punished. d. there were many prosecutions and severe punishment for rape. e. homosexuality rarely came to the attention of public authorities. 14. Ireland was treated differently from other conquered areas in Europe in that a. religious toleration was established. b. laws protecting minorities elsewhere were not put in place. c. notions of ethnic purity were seen as irrelevant. d. intermarriage was tolerated between the English and the Irish. e. the English living in Ireland were encouraged to learn and speak Irish. 15. John Hus, Dante Alighieri, and Geoffrey Chaucer were all a. religious reformers. b. advocates for the Catholic Church. c. well-known poets. d. residents of England. e. forgers of national identity.