AP European History Summer Assignment The summer assignment

AP European History Summer Assignment
The summer assignment consists of two parts. Both assignments will be due on the half-day that we return
to schools. They will be the first two grades of the nine weeks. There will be a test over the summer
assignment on the first full day classes are in session. Please contact me if you have any questions about the
EMAIL: [email protected]
Part 1: Book Assignment: A History of Western Society, John McKay
 Read and Study - Chapter 12: The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages. It is extremely important that
you read the whole chapter, as the test will be over this information. Ask yourself questions after you
have read each section, because it will help you retain the information. Complete the attached study
guide for the chapter to turn in on the first half day of school.
Terms Assignment – You must define the attached list of terms as part of the summer assignment.
The terms will be due on the day of the test over the summer assignment. Be as through as possible
when defining the terms. Consider the questions of who, what, where, when, and why as you define
them. Number the terms as they are listed below.
People and Terms
1. Great Famine
2. Black Death, bubonic plague
3. Buba
4. Flagellants
5. Byzantine Empire
6. Fall of Constantinople
7. Ottoman Empire
8. Scholasticism, Thomas
9. Salic Law
10. Hundred Years War
11. Battle of Crecy
12. Battle of Agincourt
13. Representative Assemblies
14. Nationalism
15. Babylonian Captivity
16. Great Schism
17. Conciliar Movement
18. John Wyclif, Lollards
19. Council of Pisa
20. Council of Constance
21. Merchet
22. Banns
23. Guilds
24. English Peasant Revolt, 1381
25. Jacquerie
26. Dalimil Chronicle
27. Statute of Kilkenny
28. Vernacular
29. Edward III
30. Joan of Arc
31. Philip the Fair
32. Pope Gregory XI
33. Pope Urban VI
34. Marsiglio of Padua
35. Jan Hus, Hussites
36. Vernacular
37. Dante Alighieri, The Divine
38. Geoffrey Chaucer,
Canterbury Tales
39. François Villon, Grand
40. Christine de Pisan
Part 2: Map Assignment
 Create a map of Europe to include the following cities, countries, rivers, mountain ranges, peninsulas,
and bodies of water. You will need to label each of them neatly and correctly. The assignment will be
due the first half-day of school. You will need the materials listed below to complete this assignment.
Please follow the directions and make sure that your map is neat, accurate and complete.
 Materials Needed and How to Use Them:
o White poster board or large sheet of heavy stock paper
o Colored pencils (NO MARKERS) – you will need to color each country a different color. Be
sure not to have two countries of the same color next to each other.
 Blue = Bodies of Water
 Brown/tan = Mountain Ranges
o One ultra-fine point black felt tip pen for labeling
o One fine point black felt tip pen for outlining, drawing borders….
o One fine point blue felt tip pen for outlining and labeling bodies of water
o Make a key identifying cities and physical features.
Istanbul (Constantinople)
St. Petersburg (Leningrad)
Volgograd (Stalingrad)
Map Terms
Czech Republic
Great Britain
Italy (and Sicily)
Vatican City
Bodies of Water
Adriatic Sea
Aegean Sea
Atlantic Ocean
Baltic Sea
Black Sea
Caspian Sea
English Channel
Mediterranean Sea
North Sea
Strait of Gibraltar
Mountain Ranges
Optional Assignment – The following are a list of terms that it would be useful to know as we cover the
Renaissance. You will need to use outside sources to find most of these terms. You can choose to do
some of the terms or all of them. The more terms that you complete, the more bonus points you earn (up
to 10 points). Be as through as possible when defining the terms or you will not be rewarded with the
bonus points.
1. Carruca
2. Three-field system
3. Chivalry
4. Knighthood
5. Truce (Peace) of God
6. Eleanor of Aquitaine
7. Annulment
8. Venice
9. Flanders
10. Champagne
11. Borough/burgh
12. Communes
13. Charters of liberty
14. Craft guilds
15. Putting out-system
16. Universities (medieval)
17. Irneriu
18. Liberal arts
19. Atrium baccalaureus
20. Town v. gown
21. Aristotle
22. Averroes
23. Scholasticism
24. Realists v. Nominalists
25. Thomas Aquinas
26. Summa Theologica
27. Troubadours
28. Vernacular
29. Chanson de geste
30. Song of Roland
31. Romanesque
32. Barrel vault
33. Gothic
34. Pointed arch
35. Flying buttress
36. Abbot Suger
37. Saint-Denis
38. Norman Conquest
39. Common law
40. Parliament
41. Frederick II
42. Teutonic knights
43. Pope Gregory VII
Concordat of Worms
44. Pope Innocent III
45. St. Francis of Assisi
46. Beguines
47. Relics
48. Cathars (Albigensians)
49. Seljuk Turks
50. Excommunication
51. Pope Urban at Clermont
52. Fourth Crusade
53. Doomsday Book
54. Thomas Beckett
55. Capetian Dynasty
56. Estates-General
57. Alexander Nevsky
58. Lay investiture
59. Papal monarchy
60. Poor Clares
61. Cistercians
62. Scaraments
63. Holy Office/Inquisition
64. Battle of Manzikert
65. Crusader States
66. Oath of Salisbury
67. Magna Carta
68. Phillip II Augustus
69. Frederick Barbarossa
70. The Mongols
71. Curia
72. St. Bernard of Clairvaux
73. “Little Ice Age”
74. Pogroms
75. Wat Tyler & John Ball
76. Gunpowder
77. Duke of Orleans
78. The Visconti & d’Este
79. Council of Ten
80. Catherine of Sienna
81. Purgatory
82. Modern Devotion
83. Nominalism
84. Petrarch’s sonnets
85. Guiotto
86. Decameron
87. Statue od Laborers
88. The Ciompi
89. Henry V
90. The gabelle & the taille
91. Golden Bull of Charles IV
92. Unam Sanctum
93. Marsiglio of Padua
94. Brothers of the Common
95. The four humors
96. Canterbury Tales
97. Yersina pestis
98. The Jacquerie
99. Longbow
100. Grandi & popolo
101. Anti-christ
102. Dominicans
103. Pilgrimages
104. Meister Eckhart
105. William of Occam
106. Abelard & Heloise
AP European History
Chapter 12: The Crisis of the Middle Ages
A. True or False
Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately
___ 1. The conciliar movement was most interested in further increasing the power of the pope in
relation to secular rulers.
___ 2. In reaction to the calls for reform in the fourteenth century, the church did not enter into a
period of reform and rejuvenation.
___ 3. Prior to the plague in 1348, Europe experienced a period of unusually good harvests.
___ 4. John Wyclif argued that scripture was the sole authority in Christianity.
___ 5. Up to the nineteenth century, economic factors usually determined whom and when a person
___ 6. For the most part, job mobility within the late medieval guilds tended to increase.
___ 7. The bubonic plague was most often caused by airborne particles from the excrement of the Asian
black rat.
___ 8. The Great Schism resulted from competition between two popes, each who declared that he was the
only true pope in Christendom.
___ 9. The advent of the cannon and gunpowder ultimately reduced the power of the nobility and
increased the power of emerging national states.
___ 10. John Hus led a reform movement in Bohemia that was similar to that of John Wyclif in England.
B. Multiple Choice
Select the best answer and write the proper letter in the space provided.
___ 1. The conciliar movement was
a. an effort to give the pope the power to use councils to wipe out heresy.
b. the effort by the French lords to establish a parliament.
c. a new monastic order vowing poverty.
d. an attempt to place ultimate church authority in a general council.
___ 2. The plague was probably brought into Europe by
a. Chinese soldiers.
b. Spanish warriors returning from South America.
c. English soldiers pushing into France.
d. Genoese ships from the Crimea.
___ 3. In general, farm laborers who survived the bubonic plague faced
a. higher wages.
b. food shortages.
c. the need to migrate.
d. excommunication from the church.
___ 4. Generally, the major new source of criminals after the Hundred Years’ War was
a. the urban mobs.
c. the nobility.
b. the rural peasants.
d. the bourgeoisie.
___ 5. Which of the following statements about the fourteenth century is false?
a. The population declined.
b. The standard of living fell drastically.
c. The power of the church declined.
d. War between England and France was frequent.
___ 6. Most people in the fourteenth century believed that the Black Death was caused by
a. bad air.
c. a bacillus living in fleas.
b. poor sanitation and housing.
d. black rats.
___ 7. Generally, the plague disaster of the fourteenth century resulted in all of the following for
European society EXCEPT
a. higher wages for most workers.
b. a decline in the number of German clergymen.
c. a decline in flagellantism.
d. an obsession with death.
___ 8. Which of the following did NOT participate in the Hundred Years’ War?
a. Edward III of England
b. King Philip the Fair
c. Joan of Arc
d. The Dauphin Charles of France
___ 9. One reason for peasant-landlord conflict in the fourteenth century was
a. peasants’ opposition to declining wages and inflation.
b. landlords’ attempts to legislate wages.
c. land scarcity.
d. peasants’ refusal to be drafted for war service.
___ 10. The author of Defensor Pacis and proponent of the idea that authority in the Christian church
rested in a general council rather than in the papacy was
a. Cardinal Robert of Geneva
b. Pope Urban V.
c. John Wyclif.
d. Marsiglio of Padua
___ 11. Which of the following statements about the Hundred Years’ War is true?
a. It discouraged representative government.
b. It depressed the English wool trade.
c. It increased the amount of arable land in England.
d. It created a surplus of manpower.
___ 12. The followers of the English theologian-reformer Wyclif were called
a. Protestants.
b. outlaws.
c. Lollards.
d. flagellants.
___ 13. Fur-collar crime is a term used to describe
a. the robbery and extortion inflicted on the poor by the rich.
b. the criminal activity carried out by bandits such as Robin Hood
c. crimes committed by churchmen.
d. the illegal activities of noblewomen.
___ 14. After 1347, the Black Death generally moved
a. from north to south.
b. from west to east.
c. from south to north.
d. from east to west.
___ 15. Initially, the Hundred Years’ War was fought over
a. Aquitaine.
b. King Edward III’s claim to the French crown.
c. the control of the Flemish wool trade.
d. religion.
___ 16. English military innovation(s) during the Hundred Years’ War included
a. the crossbow.
c. cavalry.
b. the cannon and the longbow.
d. the pike.
___ 17. Which of the following statements about marriage during the Middle Ages is true?
a. Most marriages were based on romantic love.
b. Most marriages were arranged.
c. Divorce was common.
d. Marriage without the church’s sanction was unheard of.
___ 18. Which of the following was a writer of vernacular literature?
a. Dante
c. Clement VII
b. Jacques de Vitry
d. Marsiglio of Padua
___ 19. Which of the following statements about Joan of Arc is FALSE?
a. She dressed like a man.
b. The English king was her greatest supporter.
c. She was accused of being a heretic and was burned.
d. She was from a peasant family.
___ 20. For the French, the turning point of the Hundred Years’ War was
a. the relief of Paris.
b. the defeat of the English fleet in the English Channel.
c. the relief of Orléans.
d. the Battle of Poitiers.
___ 21. Prostitution in late medieval society
a. did not exist.
b. existed only among the lower classes.
c. was not respected but was legalized.
d. existed in the countryside but not the city.
___ 22. In the fourteenth century craft guilds began to change in that
a. master and journeyman distinctions began to disappear.
b. the guilds lost control over the production process.
c. apprenticeship was abandoned.
d. membership became more restrictive and master-journeyman relations deteriorated.
___ 23. Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales is important because
a. it depicts the impact of the plague on Italian life.
b. it reflects the cultural tensions of the time.
c. it illustrates the highly religious interests of most people.
d. it shows how people were obsessed with the next world.
___ 24. The effect of the Hundred Years’ War on England was that it
a. brought great wealth in the form of cash reserves to England.
b. caused a great increase in wool exports.
c. allowed many English knights to become very rich.
d. resulted in a great net loss in cash.
C. Identification
Supply the correct identification for each numbered description.
________________ 1. Czech religious reformer who was ultimately burned at the stake.
________________ 2. Crisis in the Catholic Church during the 14th century during which two popes lay
claim to leadership of the Church.
________________ 3. Organizations of skilled workers who sought to maintain a monopoly on certain
trades and who were selective in the recruitment of new members.
________________ 4. Italian poet who wrote one of the great vernacular works of the 14th century: The
Divine Comedy.
________________ 5. French female writer whose work, The City of Ladies, lists the great women of
history and their contributions to society.
________________ 6. Prolonged military conflict that resulted in the removal of English influence in France
by the mid-fifteenth century.
________________ 7. 14th-century writer that argued that the state should be more powerful than the church.
________________ 8. Reform movement that sought to create a council of cardinals that would be
more powerful than the pope.
________________ 9. New innovation that revolutionized warfare and made castles vulnerable to attack.