FLASHBACK QUESTION #1 1.Each of the following is a way to classify government EXCEPT A. Who can participate B. How much money the government has C. Geographic Distribution of Power D. Relationship between legislative and executive branches 2. In a democracy, sovereignty lies with __________ and the government is responsible to _________. A. President, people B. Dictator, no one C. People, the will of the people D. Congress, voters 3. A ___________ government is one in which the powers of the government are divided between a central government and several local governments. A. Federal B. Unitary C. Confederate D. Presidential FLASHBACK QUESTION #2 1.Each of the following is a way to classify government EXCEPT A. Who can participate B. How much money the government has C. Geographic Distribution of Power D. Relationship between legislative and executive branches FLASHBACK QUESTION #2 2. In a democracy, sovereignty lies with __________ and the government is responsible to _________. A. President, people B. Dictator, no one C. People, the will of the people D. Congress, voters FLASHBACK QUESTION #3 3. A ___________ government is one in which the powers of the government are divided between a central government and several local governments. A. Federal B. Unitary C. Confederate D. Presidential ORIGINS OF AMERICAN GOVERNMENT 08/27 MAJOR POLITICAL THEORIES Using your information identify and describe the 4 competing theories of government. You should compare and contrast each theory using a Venn Diagram Which Theory did the United States base its government off of? Social Contract Theory Divine Right Theory Force Theory Evolutionary Theory THE FORCE THEORY state born of force. One person or small group claimed control over an area, forced all within it to follow that person’s or group’s rule. When rule was established, all basic elements of the state were present. • • • • Population Territory Sovereignty Government THE EVOLUTIONARY THEORY state developed naturally out of the early family. The primitive family, of which one person was the head (government), was the first stage in political development. Over years, the original family became a network of related families, a clan; in time, the clan became a tribe. When the tribe turned to agriculture and gave up nomadic ways, the state was born. THE DIVINE RIGHT THEORY Widely accepted in much of the Western world from the 15th 18th centuries. God created the state; God had given those of royal birth the divine right to rule. The people were bound to obey their ruler as they would God. Opposition to “the divine right of kings” was both treason and mortal sin. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY In earliest history (Hobbes), humans lived in unbridled freedom , “a state of nature,” in which no government existed and no person had any superior power. That which people could take by force belonged to them. Humans overcame this unpleasant condition (Hobbes) by agreeing with one another to create a state By contract, people within a given area agreed to give up to the state as much power as was needed to promote the safety and well being of all. THE SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY In the contract, the members of the state created a government to exercise the powers they had voluntarily given to the state. The Social Contract Theory argues that the state arose of out a voluntary act of free people. The state exists only to serve the will of the people; the people are free to give or to withhold that power as they choose. • Thomas Hobbes, James Harrington, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau AMERICA’S POLITICAL BEGINNINGS Where did the early colonists get their ideas for government? Basic Concepts of Government from Great Britain: -Ordered GovernmentOrderly regulation of relationships/need for government -Limited GovernmentGovernment is restricted, people have basic rights -Representative Govt.Government representative of the people LANDMARK ENGLISH DOCUMENTS You will be responsible for researching these 3 landmark English documents that the colonists used to help shape their idea of government. 1 -Magna Carta (pg 31) 2-Petition of Right (pg 31) 3-English Bill of Rights (pg 31) You must identify the following about your specific document -Who (wrote/created it) -What (does it say/do) -When (was it written) -Where (was it written) -Why (was it written/purpose?) THE ENGLISH COLONIES Royal Colonies (8) Proprietary Colonies (3) Subject to direct control of the Crown Organized by a Self Governing-did proprietor -King gave not need Crown’s proprietor land approval Royal GovernorVery Strict Bicameral Legislature Charter Colonies (2) Appointed Governor Elected Governor Unicameral and Bicameral Legislature Bicameral Legislature COLONIAL CASE STUDIES •In groups of 4, you will receive one of three case studies. •Read your prompt and write your response based upon which type of colony you are. •Remember you must defend your decision by making reference to the -Principles of English Government -Landmark English Documents -The type of colony you live in EXIT CARD Describe the 3 concepts of government the colonists borrowed from Great Britain. Next, explain which landmark English document you feel had the greatest impact on colonial government? Explain.