Authoritarian Autocracy Confederation Consent of the Governed Direct Democracy Divine Right Evolutionary Theory Executive Power Federal Government Force Theory Government Indirect Democracy Judicial Power Legislative Power Oligarchy Parliamentary Government Preamble Presidential Government Public Policy Rule of Law Social Contract Sovereignty State Totalitarian Unitary Government Those in power hold absolute and unchallengeable political authority over the people. A government which a single person holds unlimited political power. An alliance of independent states. The citizens of a country give their permission to be governed by the country’s government, and they do this by voting. The will of the people is translated literally into public policy God created the state and that God had given those of royal birth a “divine right” to rule. Developed naturally out of the early family with the elder at the head. The power to execute, enforce, and administer law. A government where the powers are divided between a central government and several lower governments. One person or a small group claimed control over an area and forced all within to submit to that person’s or group’s rule. The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. A small group of persons, chosen by the people to act as their representatives. The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within society. The power to make law and to frame public policies. A government in which the power to rule is held by a small group, usually self-appointed elite. A form of government in which the executive branch is selected by the elected legislature. The statement spelling out the purpose for our government. A form of government in which the executive and legislative branches of the government are separate, independent, and coequal. All of the goals a government sets and the various courses of action it pursues as it attempts to realize these goals. Laws are fair, they’re enforced, and nobody is above the law. Leaving the "State of Nature", people formed an agreement to protect each other. Supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies. It is neither subordinate nor responsible to any other authority. A body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically (with a government), and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority. Those in power exercise complete power over nearly EVERY aspect of human affairs. A system of political organization in which most or all of the governing power resides in a centralized government.