Warm-Up Take out your student information sheet and make sure it is completely filled in. 1. What do you think is the difference between history and prehistory? 2. Which source would be more biased, primary or secondary? 3. Define the words on the board in ten words or less. You and your partner must decipher which sources are primary sources and which sources are secondary sources. Write down evidence supporting your argument on the piece of paper underneath you warm up. Partner Activity Prehistory and the Neolithic Revolution Chapter 1 I. Early Man A. Prehistory- The time before human writing A. B. Archeologists- fossils, artifacts Anthropologists- human knowledge, culture, beliefs, customs B. History- An interpretation of the record of human events A. B. C. Study broad patterns, periods, cause and effect Primary sources: diaries, speeches, laws Secondary sources: commentaries, interpretations C. Paleolithic Era- Old Stone Age 1. Early humans lived as nomads, migrating around the world during the Ice Ages 2. Huntergathererspeople who get their food from hunting animal herds and gathering plant foods II. Neolithic Era A. Lasted from 8000 BC to 3000 BC B. Neolithic Revolution- the transition from nomadic lifestyle to settled communities with larger populations On the “World Map” page try to identify each major continent and ocean labeled. If you have any additional time please try to ID the additional numbers I have labeled on the board. Map Activity Warm-Up 1. In some rivervalleys, reliable food production allowed huntergatherers to slowly settle 2. Domesticationgrowing/breeding plants and animals to be more useful to humans 3. Some chose to live as pastoralistsnomads with herds of domesticated animals C. Transitions in society 1. Agriculture and domestication allowed for permanent settlements that grew in size and complexity 2. Reliable, storable food helped create a surplus 3. Because not everyone needed to get food, division of laboreach worker specializes at a particular job III. Development of Civilization A. Agricultural advancements let villages grow in size and complexity, creating cities. B. Civilizationcomplex and organized societies centered in river valleys C. Characteristics: 1. Developed cities 2. Organized gov’t 3. Formalized religion 4. Specialization of labor 5. Social classes 6. Writing 7. Art and Architecture I=1 V=5 X=10 L=50 C=100 D=500 M=1000 Roman Numerals!