CREA 2011 The process by which a product is assembled from component parts and brought to market The process by which a an agricultural product is brought from where it is grown to the market Each process can have many steps Supply chains for each commodity are different, are unique to the product All supply chains have some things in common Raw materials How materials are processed How the processed materials become components of the final product All the processed materials needed for a final product Cloth Thread Buttons Zippers Cutter Sewer Packager Transporter Distributor Seller Wires Case Motherboard Chips Etc. Minerals Metals Plastic Etc. Miners Smelters Assemblers Etc. It is not enough to have the raw materials Or even the processed materials People are key to any supply chain; Without men and women working, supply chain s do not function Supply chain focus: Bringing product to market Value chain focus: Where can profit be made Vendors or agencies Contractors Sub-contractors Suppliers Tiers = Standards set for the Workplace Based on Country Law International Standards including the Core ILO Conventions Company’s Code RULE: For each issue, whichever is the highest standard applies Many countries do not have laws addressing workplace safety and worker’s rights Even if they do have laws on the books, enforcement system can be weak or non-existent C-29 C-87 C-98 C-100 C-105 C-111 C-138 C-182 Labour Convention, 1930 Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize Convention, 1949 Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949 Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 Abolition of Forced Labor Convention, 1957 * Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 Minimum Age Convention, 1973 Worst Forms of Child Labor Convention, 1999 * NOTE: US has only ratified C-105 and C182 Basic Topic Requirements - Compliance with All relevant laws - Working hours - Compensation - Child and Juvenile Labor - Forced Labor - Harassment and Abuse - Contract Labor - Freedom of Association and Right to Engage in Collective Bargaining - Environmental Management - Anti-discrimination statement Between Codes or Standards for Direct Employees Codes for Workplaces in Supply Chains It is not either/or…….the magic word is AND BOTH are necessary The Code is succinctly stated with an application manual provided which expands on the code The Code and application manual are provided in one document Both are fine as long as the necessary components are in the materials Gap – Code of Vendor Conduct http://www2.gapinc.com/GapIncSubSites/csr/ EmbracingOurResponsibility/Governance/Gov_COVC.shtml Target Code of Vendor Engagement http://sites.target.com/site/en/company/page.jsp?contentId=WCMP04034203 Walt Disney Company http://corporate.disney.go.com/citizenship/codeofconduct.html Try searching on the internet for the code of companies in which you are interested. Codes should be easy to find.