American Revolution Study guide February 11, 2015 American Revolution Study Guide 1. 1754-1763 2. Fought between BRITAIN(ANGLO) AND FRANCE, THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR FOUGHT IN THE OHIO RIVER VALLEY OVER RIVAL TERRITORIAL RIGHTS AND TRADITIONAL HOSTILITIES 3. England 4. THE FRENCH WERE DRIVEN OUT OF CANADA in the TREATY OF PARIS 1763- AND THEIR TERRITORIES WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MTS. BRITAIN GAINED LAND TO MISSISSIPPI RIVER 5. - Proclamation of 1763,. Sugar Act, Stamp Act and Tea Act, TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION 6. which prohibited settlement west of the Appalachian Mts 7. A tax on a good or product 8. taxes on all paper documents, yes 9. TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION 10. TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION 11. No 12. British troops fired on anti-British demonstrators when fights broke out over scarce jobs between poorly paid BRITISH soldiers and colonists 13. A tax on Tea 14. (the British East India Co. decided to sell tea cheap to the colonists- 15. cutting merchants out of trade 16. December 16-colonists (Sons of Liberty) dressed as Native Americans and boarded ships-dumping 18,000 pounds of tea in the Boston Harbor Lead by Samuel Adams • 17. THE INTOLERABLE ACTS, Shut down the Boston Harbor and • 2)Boston under martial law. • 3)Quartering Act - British soldiers had to be housed in private homes 18. FIRST EXPRESSION OF COLONIAL UNITY 19. DREW UP A DECLARATION OF COLONIAL RIGHTS TO SEND TO KINGGIII FOR PEACE 20. Minutemen” (warned by the Sons of Liberty that the British were coming could be ready in a minute 21. APRIL 19,1775, Lexington and Concord, MA 22. IMPORTANCE SHOWED THE COLONISTS WERE A FORCE TO BE RECKONED WITH • 23. SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS CALLED AND AN OLIVE BRANCH PETITION SENT TO GIII • THIS WAS REJECTED 24. Whenever government becomes a threat to the people’s natural rights, it breaks the social contract, and the people have the right to alter or overthrow it, ” to form a government to protect their rights. 25. Thomas Paine, challenged the rule of the American colonies by the King of EnglandGEORGE III, G III was the cause of our problems. 26. Thomas Jefferson 27. John Locke and Thomas Paine 28. DECLARING SEPARATION FROM ENGLAND,LOCKE’S INFLUENCE, PAINE’S INFLUENCE, DECLARING INDEPENDENCE-UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 29. July 4th, 1776 30. increased Political, Social, and Economic participation in the American Experience over time 31. Washington’s cautiousness and leadership kept his army together despite war starting out badly 32. Patriots-Complete independence from Britain and would fight, Loyalists-Remaining loyal to Britain because of cultural and economic ties, neutralsCOLONISTS WHO TRIED TO STAY AS UNINVOLVED AS POSSIBLE 33. SPEECH STIRRED AMERICANS AGAINST THE BRITISH BECAUSE OF THEIR ACTIONS AGAINST US. 34. Battle of Saratoga 35. It was the turning point of the war 36. Benjamin Franklin, Saratoga victory assured the French of our determination. 37. a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries. 38. a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations. 39. Washington’s cautiousness and leadership kept his army together 40. The British surrenders to the Colonists and the French 41Americans benefited from the presence of the French army and navy at the Battle of Yorktown, which ended the war with an American victory. 42. Cornwallis 43.. GUERILLA WARFARE FROM INDIANS • STRONG BELIEF IN CAUSE-PASSION • STRONG LEADERS WOULD EMERGE • KNOWLEDGE OF TERRAIN 44. No 45. Treaty of Paris 1783- UNITED STATES NOW independent 46. UNITED STATES NOW STRETCHES FROM THE ATLANTIC OCEAN TO THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND FROM CANADA TO THE FLORIDA BORDER. 47. 5000 African Americans served in the Continental Army with Washington., James Armistead Lafayette spied for the Americans. Thousand of slaves took the opportunity to escape to freedom-some with British help. 48. Women made ammunition, followed men to camps where they washed and cooked for their husbands, boycotted British products • Molly McCauley (Pitcher) carried water and took husbands place at a cannon. • Deborah Sampson impersonated a man and was hurt in battle-even received a pension. 15.