Key Concept 5_1_4 _Student Copy_

Key Concept 5.1.4
Developments in transportation and communication
1750s - 1900s
by: Reyna, Sabrina, Stephanie,
Railroads (Stephanie)
❏ Railroads were first invented in Great Britain by George Stephenson by applying the steam
❏ In Brazil railroads were built to help transport the rubber from the interior of the Amazon to
the coasts
❏ In the United States the First Continental Railroad was developed to help connect to the
Pacific coast with the existing railroads in the east. (1863-1869)
❏ The Trans-Siberian Railway connecting Moscow and the Sea of Japan. It is the longest
railroad in the world.
The use of theses railroads made it revolutionary
because people were able to travel longer distance
faster and made the cost of food and other things
Ethan F.
Even though canals have been created many years ago, the first real canal was used and
reintroduced during Industrial Revolution ( 1750’s - 1900) England.
The United Kingdom was the first country to use a nationwide canal network .
The British Canal System transited many materials and products to the networks of water
connected to many regions.
The Acts of Parliament, opened the first true English canal named the Sankey Canal. This
canal ran along the Sanky Brook valley to the north east of St. Helens. This canal transported
coal from the Lancashire Coalfield to the chemical industries in Liverpool .
However, the Bridgewater Canal impacted the Industrial Revolution the most, transporting coal
from Worsley to Runcorn. Boats on this canal were horse- drawn and provided the horse to walk
This canal could carry 30 tons at a time with one horse pulling it, and the Bridgewater canal
reduced the price of coal in Manchester by nearly two-thirds within just a year of its
(Sabrina & Reyna)
When was this technology invented and, if possible, who invented it?
In 1794, the 1st non-electrical telegraph was invented by Claude Chappe. Though the invention
was utilized throughout the 1800’s as the beginning of the formation of the telegraph, extending
out in the world.
2. Example: In 1830, Joseph Henry, sends an electric current over one mile of wire to activate an
electromagnet which caused a bell to strike.
In 1828, the first telegraph in the USA was invented by Harrison Dyar who sent electrical sparks
through chemically treated paper tape to burn dots and dashes.
In 1881, the Postal Telegraph System entered the field for economic reasons, and merged with
Western Union in 1943.
What made this technology so revolutionary? In other words, how did it
contribute to this unit’s theme of increasing globalization?
The technology became revolutionary because its objective is to help communication
throughout the world. The ability to send and receive messages. Numerous of scientists help
contributed to the invention of the “telegraph.” Finally, Samuel Morse had reinvented the
telegraph and conducted a new way of communication Morse Code. The Morse code is the
transmitting and receiving of messages with on-off tones, that is suppose to represent as the
Steam Boats (Johnny)
1. John Fitch (1743-1798) made the first successful trial of a fortyfive-foot steamboat on the Delaware River on August 22, 1787.
2. Steamboats were used as cruise ships and transport ships in
america not usually for war. america had a problem in where they
could not travel upstream but only in the direction the river flows,
steamboats solved this problem by helping bring supplies and
people upstream very quick.
3. steamboats were revolutionary because it solved the problem of
faster and easier transport for people and supplies to colonize
further into america.