Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists – Early US Political Science and Philosophy at Work NOTES 1. What was the Articles of Confederation? Why did it fail? 2. What were The Federalist Papers? Anti-Federalist Papers? 3. What were the three main ideas expressed in The Federalist Papers regarding how the Constitution would set up a strong government that preserved freedom? The constitution created a strong national government, yet one that preserved freedom: i. ii. iii. 4. Why do people today think The Federalist Papers are important? a. b. - A Compromise Is Reached – Bill of Rights 6. Why did the Federalist oppose a Bill of Rights? Do you agree? Explain. 7. How did the Bill of Rights get added to the Constitution? Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists – Early US Political Science and Philosophy at Work NOTES For the final portion of our study, I ask that you use your “Show-by-Telling” graphic and take the time to critically analyze your assigned reading and answer the corresponding question. Be prepared to share your response with the class. Federalist Paper #51 states, “If men were angels, no government would be necessary.” What does this statement imply when it comes to creating a government? What words does the author use to answer this question? Now put those thoughts into your own words. Federalist Paper #84 states that a bill of rights in the Constitution is not necessary. What arguments does the author make to back up this statement? Now put those thoughts into your own words. Anti-Federalist Paper #46 states, “We are left wholly dependent on the wisdom and virtue of the men who shall from time to time be the members of Congress.” What is the biggest concern of the Anti-Federalists? How are the Anti-Federalists making this argument? Now put those thoughts into your own words. Anti-Federalist Paper #84 states that the Constitution needs to be “founded on a declaration or bill of rights.” What evidence is presented to make this argument? Now put those thoughts into your own words.