Westward expansion Jasamine Neal, Caroline Collier, Blake Warren, Tyawana Webb, Aaron Cress, Taylor Perkins What official acts provided for the settlement of the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi river? • Congress passed the land ordinance of 1785 and Northwest ordinance of 1787 Why did president Jefferson decide to purchase Louisiana from the French? • Jefferson believed in manifest destiny, that we should move west What factors promoted a surge of settlers into the Old northwest following the war of 1812? • It demanded cheap acreage and partially achieved it’s goal in the Land Act of 1820, which authorized a buyer at a minimum of 1.25 an acre in cash. What motive guided the establishment of the Ohio Confederacy under the leadership of Shawnee brothers Tecumseh and the “The prophet”? • Stop westward migration of Americans What were the results of President Jackson’s assertion that allowed States authority to extend laws over American Indian • Had tribes sign removal act to move to them west Who were the five civilized tribes, and where were they eventually pushed • Cherokes • Creeks • Choctaws • Chickasaws • Sominoles • Moved to present-day Oklahoma How did Americans end up in Texas, what was the Texas Revolution , what memorable statement is associated with the Texas Revolution and what was the end result • After Santa Anna suspended local powers in Texas and other Mexican states , several rebellions broke out including one that would be known as the Texas Revolution • 200 Texans were killed at The Alamo in 1836. “Remember the Alamo!” was the rallying cry for Americans to help Texans gain independence. • Texas gained its independence in 1836 • The 1844 U.S. presidential campaign focused on westward expansion. The winner, James K. Polk, a slave holder, firmly favored the annexation of Texas Describe the arguments for and against Texas annexation (from Congress, from the north, from the south) and explain what ultimately led President Polk to provoke the war with Mexico • President Polk believed that war with Mexico would bring not only Texas into the union but also New Mexico and California • Polk hope to negotiate secretly the boundary dispute as well as the sale of California and New Mexico • He dispatched john Slidell a congressman from Louisiana to negotiate both matters • Congress- agreed to annex Texas • South- wanted Texas • North- didn’t want it What were the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? • Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico and ceded the New Mexico and California territories to the United States • States agreed to pay $15 million for the Mexican cession which includes present day California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, Arizona and parts of Colorado and Wyoming • President Franklin Pierce authorized James Gadsden to pay Mexico another $10 million for another piece of land south of Gila river to secure a southern railroad route to pacific ocean What is Manifest Destiny? • Travelers believed that the movement Westward was predestined by GOD. • This phrase expressed the belief that the U.S was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Native American and Mexican territory.