the idea that Americans were predestined to occupy the entire North American continent. Washington ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 1st President Took office- 1789 8 years in office Major Legislation Bill of Rights Adams ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 2nd President Took office -1797 4 years in office Major Legislation Alien and Sedition Acts not helping or supporting either side in a conflict, disagreement, etc.; impartial. conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against a government To cancel a federal law; to deprive of legal force In 1803 President Thomas Jefferson orchestrated the purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. After the purchase was made, Jefferson initiated an exploration of the newly purchased land. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark chosen to lead the expedition. Their objectives were to study the area's plants, animal life, and geography, and to discover what natural resources were available The US took on Great Britain in this war. Causes of the war included British attempts to restrict U.S. trade, the Royal Navy's impressments of American seamen, and America's desire to expand its territory. The Treaty of Ghent ended the war on February 17, 1815, with a stalemate. An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country. The act of forcing a person into service ◦ The British Navy kidnapped American sailors and forced them to serve in the British Navy during the French Revolution (1793) Young members elected in Congress from the South and the West who called for war with Britain prior to the War of 1812. A law passed in 1809 by the United States Congress to ban all commerce between Americans and the European nations of France and Great Britain. Shutting a port or roadway to prevent people or supplies from coming into or leaving an area ◦ Ex: In the first days of the War of 1812, the British set up a blockade of the American coast. Indian removal was a 19th century policy of the government of the US to relocate Native American tribes living east of the Mississippi River to lands west of the river. The process of becoming part of another culture The Indian Removal Act, was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 26, 1830 Provided for the resettlement of more than 100,000 Native Americans to what is now Oklahoma. area set aside by the government for Native Americans to live on The route along which the US government forced several tribes of Native Americans, to migrate to reservations west of the Mississippi River. Those on the march suffered disease and mistreatment. The Mexican American War was a war between the US and Mexico from April 1846 to Feb.1848. The war stemmed from the United States’ annexation of Texas from Mexico in 1845. The US won the war and acquired more than 500,000 square miles of Mexican territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean. to add on or take over ◦ The United States annexed Texas in 1845. To give up (power or territory) Below Modern day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in 1848 The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. The news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the US and abroad. People who came to California in search of gold 2,200-mile (3,500 km) historic east-west wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon. From the early to mid-1830s, the Oregon Trail and its many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers, ranchers, farmers, miners, and businessmen and their families.