Unit 5 Key Terms & Topics

 the
idea that Americans were
predestined to occupy the entire
North American continent.
1st President
Took office- 1789
8 years in office
Major Legislation Bill of Rights
2nd President
Took office -1797
4 years in office
Major Legislation  Alien and Sedition Acts
not helping or supporting either side
in a conflict, disagreement, etc.;
conduct or speech inciting people to rebel
against a government
To cancel a federal law; to deprive of legal
In 1803 President Thomas Jefferson
orchestrated the purchase of the
Louisiana territory from France. After
the purchase was made, Jefferson
initiated an exploration of the newly
purchased land.
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark chosen
to lead the expedition.
 Their objectives were to study the area's
plants, animal life, and geography, and to
discover what natural resources were
The US took on Great Britain in this war. Causes
of the war included British attempts to restrict
U.S. trade, the Royal Navy's impressments of
American seamen, and America's desire to
expand its territory. The Treaty of Ghent ended
the war on February 17, 1815, with a stalemate.
 An
official ban on trade or other
commercial activity with a
particular country.
 The
act of forcing a person into
◦ The British Navy kidnapped American sailors
and forced them to serve in the British Navy
during the French Revolution (1793)
 Young
elected in Congress
from the South and
the West who called
for war with Britain
prior to the War of
A law passed in 1809 by the United
States Congress to ban all commerce
between Americans and the European
nations of France and Great Britain.
Shutting a port or roadway to prevent
people or supplies from coming into or
leaving an area
◦ Ex: In the first days of the War of 1812, the
British set up a blockade of the American coast.
 Indian
removal was a 19th century
policy of the government of the
US to relocate Native American
tribes living east of the
Mississippi River to lands west of
the river.
 The
process of becoming part of
another culture
The Indian Removal Act,
was signed into law by
President Andrew
Jackson on May 26,
Provided for the
resettlement of more
than 100,000 Native
Americans to what is
now Oklahoma.
 area
set aside by the government
for Native Americans to live on
The route along which the US government
forced several tribes of Native Americans, to
migrate to reservations west of the
Mississippi River. Those on the march
suffered disease and mistreatment.
The Mexican American War was a war
between the US and Mexico from April
1846 to Feb.1848.
 The war stemmed from the United
States’ annexation of Texas from
Mexico in 1845.
 The US won the war and acquired more
than 500,000 square miles of Mexican
territory extending westward from the
Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean.
to add on or take over
◦ The United States annexed Texas in 1845.
To give up (power or territory)
 Below  Modern day southwestern United
States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in 1848
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855)
began on January 24, 1848, when gold was
found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill
in Coloma, California. The news of gold
brought some 300,000 people to California
from the rest of the US and abroad.
People who came to California in
search of gold
2,200-mile (3,500 km) historic east-west wagon route
and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to
valleys in Oregon.
From the early to mid-1830s, the Oregon Trail and its
many offshoots were used by about 400,000 settlers,
ranchers, farmers, miners, and businessmen and their