GET IT DONE! • What was President Hoover’s philosophy for dealing with the Great Depression? – Why? Video • Describe the process of building the Hoover Dam. • What was the impact of the Hoover Dam being built? • What caused the Dust Bowl? • How did the Dust Bowl impact Americans during the Great Depression? 1932: 32,000 businesses failed Annual income: -1929 = $2,300 -1935 = $1,600 1929 = 5% 1932 = 25% Why might people Reconstruction Finance criticize this? Corporation (RFC) Gov’t loans to businesses, effects would eventually “trickle down” to help everyone Definition: Direct Relief Receiving assistance from a specific organization Two different types of organizations: Private charity/business: example, Salvation Army providing free food The government: example, providing job opportunities Hoover’s Economic Action “Hooverville” Also known asShantytown Hoover “blanket” Hoover “flag” WWI vets were to receive a “bonus” redeemable in 20 years (1945) Coolidge actually vetoed the bill 1932 The Bonus Army Some from Portland, OR traveled to DC to ask Congress to pay the bonus now 17,000 of them by the time they got there They marched to Capitol Hill the day the bill was to be voted on It was defeated... They did NOT get their bonus early About 2000 stayed in DC; Hoover allowed them to be driven out by force Hoover had the Army Chief of Staff Douglas MacArthur & his aide Dwight Eisenhower clear the vets from federal buildings Tanks, cavalry units, infantry with bayonets MacArthur torched the camps 100 injured, baby died (tear gas) Tent city burns - 1932 Critical thinking • You are running to become the next president of the United States in the election of 1932. • Write a formal letter to the American citizens. – What you will do as the next president to improve society for everyone during the depression? – Include your catchy campaign slogan as well! Put food in your dish and vote for fish!