Manifest Destiny

Unit 5: The Nation Grows
Chapter 12: Manifest Destiny
Sections 1-4: Oregon, Texas, Mexico &
Chapter 12
Vocab and Art Smart Terms
Manifest Destiny
Joint Occupation
By the 1840s, the U.S. had grown
considerably. Name 3 regions the
U.S. had not yet acquired.
I live in the wilderness
trapping animals. I
gather for a rendezvous
once a year to sell my
Mountain Men
Where we left off . . .
Election of 1844
James Polk (D)
Henry Clay (W)
Polk (D) defeats Clay (W).
Manifest Destiny:
Oregon Territory
I’m President James K.
But you can call me
“Mr. Manifest
Oregon Country
Jointly occupied
by Great Britain
& the U.S. since
Americans begin settling Oregon in large numbers.
Oregon Trail
What method of transportation did people use to reach the Oregon Country?
We are called emigrants because
we left the United States to go to
“Fifty-four Forty or FIGHT!”
Oregon Country
Boundary of 1846
• President Polk
negotiated a treaty
with Great Britain.
• Below 49 degrees
latitude became the
U.S. Oregon Territory.
• Above 49 degrees
latitude became part of
British Canada.
What effect did the mountain men have on our country’s history?
Why did Polk defeat Henry Clay in the 1844 election?
Explain Manifest Destiny in your own words:
List the challenges emigrants faced on their 2,000 mile exodus to
What was “54 40 or fight?”
How did America acquire the Oregon Territory?
I’m Stephen F. Austin.
I’m the leader of the
“Old Three Hundred”
What was the “Old
Three Hundred?”
Three hundred American
families that settled in
Texas and received 960
acres of land during the
Manifest Destiny:
Independence for Texas
I’m General Antonio
Lopez de Santa Anna.
I’m the president of
Americans living in
Mexico (Texas) in the
1830s are invaders and
must leave!
The Struggle for Independence
• Santa Anna attacked Americans living in
Texas during 1835. The Battle of Gonzales
and San Antonio are Texan victories.
• Americans in Texas declared independence
in 1836 and Santa Anna is ANGRY!
• Fighting continues . . .
The Battle of the Alamo
March 1836
“Get some volunteers and
go fortify the Alamo”
Sam Houston
I’m Davy Crockett. You can
call me the “King of the Wild
• Thought he could help Texas win
their independence from Mexico.
“You may never see
your loved ones”
Colonel William Travis
“Those that want to can
leave now, those who’ll
fight to the death, let
‘em stay”
Colonel William Travis
“Play Deguello!”
“I will show
them no quarter,
everyone will be
put to the sword”
The Ballad of the Alamo
Marty Robbins
In the southern part of Texas, in the town of San Antone,
There's a fortress all in ruin that the weeds have overgrown.
You may look in vain for crosses and you'll never see a one,
But sometime between the setting and the rising of the sun,
You can hear a ghostly bugle as the men go marching by;
You can hear them as they answer to that roll call in the sky:
Colonel Travis, Davy Crockett and a hundred eighty more;
Captain Dickenson, Jim Bowie, present and accounted for.
Back in 1836, Houston said to Travis:
"Get some volunteers and go fortify the Alamo."
Well, the men came from Texas and from old Tennessee,
And they joined up with Travis just to fight for the right to be free.
Indian scouts with squirrel guns, men with muzzle loaders,
Stood together heel and toe to defend the Alamo.
"You may never see your loved ones," Travis told them that day.
"Those that want to can leave now, those who'll fight to the death, let 'em stay.“
In the sand he drew a line with his army sabre,
Out of a hundred eighty five, not a soldier crossed the line.
With his banners a-dancin' in the dawn's golden light,
Santa Anna came prancin' on a horse that was black as the night.
He sent an officer to tell Travis to surrender.
Travis answered with a shell and a rousin' rebel yell.
Santa Anna turned scarlet: "Play Degüello," he roared.
"I will show them no quarter, everyone will be put to the sword."
One hundred and eighty five holdin' back five thousand.
Five days, six days, eight days, ten; Travis held and held again.
Then he sent for replacements for his wounded and lame,
But the troops that were comin' never came, never came, never came.
Twice he charged, then blew recall. On the fatal third time,
Santa Anna breached the wall and he killed them one and all.
Now the bugles are silent and there's rust on each sword,
And the small band of soldiers lie asleep in the arms of The Lord.
In the southern part of Texas, near the town of San Antone,
Like a statue on his Pinto rides a cowboy all alone.
And he sees the cattle grazin' where a century before,
Santa Anna's guns were blazin' and the cannons used to roar.
And his eyes turn sort of misty, and his heart begins to glow,
And he takes his hat off slowly to the men of Alamo.
To the thirteen days of glory at the seige of Alamo.
The Battle of San Jacinto
• April, 1836 – Sam
Houston led 900
Americans against Santa
Anna’s 1,300.
• American victory
• May, 1836 – Santa Anna
signed a treaty that
recognized the
independence of Texas.
Sam Houston
Texan Hero
Texan Victory
• Texas became the
Lone Star Republic
in 1836.
• The U.S. annexed
Texas in 1845.
– How did Mexico
feel about this??
Explain how two major cities in Texas today got their name:
Describe the 5 W’s of the Alamo
Why is Texas different from most of our states today?
Manifest Destiny:
War with Mexico
• Using the Santa Fe Trail, many Americans
moved into Mexican territory (NM, AZ,
War with Mexico
• President Polk offered to
buy territory from Mexico
• Mexico said no.
• Mexican & American
soldiers clashed between
Texas and Mexico (1846).
• Polk asked for declaration
of war.
– War split the U.S.
I tried playing
nice . . .
Mexico has invaded our
territory and shed
American blood upon
the American soil!
Why would the
north and south
disagree over war
with Mexico and
the acquisition of
new land?
I oppose this war! I do not
believe the Mexicans attacked
us. Take me to the spot where
the Mexican soldiers attacked the
US soldiers!
I’m Zachary Taylor.
I will lead my troops and
secure the Rio Grande and
the rest of Texas.
I’m Stephen Watts Kearny.
I will lead my troops into
New Mexico and
Remember me? I’m
General Winfield
I will capture Mexico
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
What were the
conditions of this
Gadsden Purchase
Why was this territory important? (Think expansion and industry.)
Pop Quiz/ Study Guide
Who started the Mexican American War? How?
Who didn’t support the war? Why not?
Explain the three parts of America’s strategy
against Mexico:
What was the result of the Treaty of Guadalupe
Why was the Gadsden Purchase so important?
California Gold Rush
begins 1848
Sutter's Mill
In the spring of forty-seven
So the story it is told
Old John Sutter went to the Mill site
Found a piece of shinin' gold.
Well, he took it to the city
Where the word like wildfire spread
Old John Sutter soon came to wishin'
He'd left that stone in the river bed.
Oh, they came like herds of locusts
Every woman, child and man
In their lumberin' connestogas
They left their track upon the land.
Some would fail and some would prosper
Some would die and some would kill
Some would beg the Lord for their deliverance
Some would curse John Sutter's Mill.
Well, they came from New York City
And they came from Alabam'
With their dream of findin' fortune
In this wild unsettled land.
Well, some fell prey to hostile arrows
As they tried to cross the plains
And some were lost in the Rocky Mountains
With their hands froze to the reins.
Some would fail and some would prosper
Some would die and some would kill
Some would beg the Lord for their deliverance
Some would curse John Sutter's Mill.
Some pushed on to California
Others stopped to take their rest
And by the spring of eighteen-sixty
They had opened up the west.
And then the railroad came behind them
And the land was plowed and tame
When old John Sutter went to meet his Maker
With not one penny to his name.
Some would fail and some would prosper
Some would die and some would kill
Some would beg the Lord for their deliverance
Some would curse John Sutter's Mill.
So, who really made
money during the Gold
Merchants cashed in!
Levi Strauss
No PowerPoint Game Show this time. PICK ONE FROM BELOW:
-Find a Current Event that has similarities and differences from an event we studied
in this chapter, include a summary of the current article along with its comparison to
-Create a Poetry Slam incorporating an important event from the Study Guide
(approved partner activity)
-Draw a detailed picture of an important event on the Study Guide. Must include a
detailed written description (5W’s). The picture can be propaganda (exaggerated or
biased perspective)
-Create 5 advanced Math Problems that creatively explain events and terminology
from the study guide. Each math problem must have a caption that explains the
meaning of each mathematical expression
-Choreograph 8 body movements for any terminology or vocabulary on the study
guide that the class can try to guess or help you (if needed) during the performance.
-Write a script or a song covering events from the study guide that classmates could
help you perform (if needed).
Technology ideas:
Video or Radio Podcast? Facebook Page?
Prezi Timeline? XtraNormal or Go!Animate Skit?