Elements of Art & Principles of Design

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Elements of Art & Principles of Design

Form

Line

Shape

Color

Elements of Art

• • •

Texture Space Value

• • • • •

Line

A continuous mark made on some surface by a moving point 2D = pencil mark 3D = wire Implied = series of unconnected points that cause your eye to create a line Outline or Contour

More lines!

• • • Enclosed space defined by other elements of art.

Usually 2D Can be 3D (but used as a general term)

Shape

Shapes- 2 Types

Organic or Geometric

Form

• • • • 3D Encloses Volume, as a kind of “visual weight” Examples: Cubes, Spheres, Cylinders

• Has 3 Properties: 1. Hue- the name of the color 2. Intensity brightness or dullness 3. Value- lightness or darkness

Color

Color - Intensity

Color & Value

Texture

• • • • Refers to the surface quality or “feel” of an object Roughness or smoothness Hardness or softness Texture can be felt in 3D works or “implied” in visual/2D drawings, paintings or photographs

Texture

Actual & Implied

• • The distance or area between, around, above or within things It can be a description of both 2D & 3D works

Space

Space

Both Positive & Negative Space are important!

• • Describes the darkness or lightness of a color. Value is needed to express

Volume Value

Value makes Volume

=

Principles of Design

• Emphasis • Balance • Harmony • Variety • • • • Movement Rhythm Proportion Unity

Emphasis

• Developing points of interest to pull a viewer's attention • (“focal point”) Or thematic emphasis= focusing on one idea or theme

Balance

• • • • Sense of stability Can be created by repeating shapes or repeating the feeling of weight within a work 3 Types of Balance: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical & Radial

Balance – 3 Types

Symmetrical & Asymmetrical & Radial

Harmony

• • Using similar elements throughout the work.

Gives artwork an “uncomplicated” feel

• Using different shapes, textures, colors & values

Variety

Movement

• Adds excitement to work by showing action and direction. • Moves viewer’s eye throughout work

• • • •

Rhythm

A type of movement Seen in repeating shapes and colors Alternating light and dark shapes also creates rhythm Also called

Pattern

or

Repetition

• • • Also called

Scale Proportion

Refers to the relationships of size of objects in a work Smallness & largeness

• • • The parts equal a whole Elements of Art tie everything together.

No confusion

Unity

What

Elements of Art

do you see?

What

Principles of Design

do you see?

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