Reproductive System Study Guide 1. What are the two main purposes of the male reproductive system? 2. What is the main function of the penis? 3. What is the main function of the male urethra? 4. What is the function of the scrotum? 5. What is the cremaster? 6. What do the testes produce? 7. Where is sperm produced? 8. What is the function of the epididymis? 9. What structure transports sperm to the urethra? 10. What percentage of semen is produced in the seminal vesicles? 11. What percentage of semen is produced in the prostate? What are its functions? 12. What does the cowper’s gland produce? What does it do? 13. Know the structures of the sperm. 14. What are the two main purposes of the female reproductive system? 15. What are the functions of the vagina? 16. What are the main functions of the uterus? 17. What structure secretes mucus to block the cervical canal? Where is this structure located? 18. Where does implantation of the blastocyst occur? 19. Which muscle-layer of the uterus causes contractions during labor? 20. What structure leads from the ovaries to the uterus, and is the location of fertilization? 21. What is produced in the ovaries? 22. What is the function of the fimbriae? 23. Know the differences between oogenesis and spermatogenesis. (egg vs. sperm; 1 per cycle vs. 400,000,000 per day; ends at menopause vs. never ending) 24. Know the similarities between oogenesis and spermatogenesis. (both make sex cells; both produce cells with 23 chromosomes; both begin at puberty) 25. Know the differences between mitosis and meiosis. 26. What mechanism do reproductive hormones undergo? 27. Know all of the reproductive hormones, where they are produced, their targets, and their functions. (matching) 28. What are the 3 functions of fertilization? 29. What are the finger-like growths of the trophoblasts into the endometrium that form the placenta? 30. What is gastrulation? 31. What are the tripoblastic layers and what does each one form? 32. Know the homeostatic imbalances of the reproductive system/development. 33. Know the sexually transmitted diseases that we discussed in class. 34. Know the male and female reproductive diagrams (coloring sheets).