Inovácia obsahu a metód vzdelávania prispôsobená potrebám
vedomostnej spoločnosti
Art history
VYPRACOVAL: Mgr, Vladislav, Kravec
Jún 2014
„Moderné vzdelávanie pre vedomostnú spoločnosť/Projekt je spolufinancovaný zo zdrojov EÚ“
Definition of Impressionism
A short-lived Movement
First exhibition
Impressionism specifics
Claude Monet
„Impressionism is a light, spontaneous manner
of painting which began in France as a
reaction against the restrictions and
conventions of the dominant Academic art. Its
naturalistic and down-to-earth treatment of
its subject matter, most commonly
landscapes, has its roots in the French
Claude Monet, Impression, Sunrise
Oil on canvas, 1873
A short-lived Movement
Centred in France, 1860's to 1880's
• In the late 1860s, three artists – Claude Monet,
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Camille Pissaro - formed
the habit of going to sit on the banks of the Seine
and Oise to paint the countryside.
• Their main interest was the reflection of light on the
river; it seemed to be constantly moving and giving
life to the water.
• The many colours revealed in the reflections gave
them the idea of painting light by applying bands of
opposing colours – they subconsciously applied the
theory of complementary colours
First exhibition
From April 15 to May 15, 1874
• at the photographer Nadar's former studio at 35
Boulevard des Capucines
• 165 works were displayed
• Led by the French artists Monet, Degas, Renoir,
Pissarro and Berthe Morisot - they called themselves
the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors,
Engravers, etc.
• The critical response was mixed. Monet and Cézanne
received the harshest attacks.
• The exhibition is considered to be „the beginning of
Modern ART“
Impressionism specifics
• Themes:
everyday scenes
from the world
artists knew, mostly
Camille Pissaro, Apple Blossoms, Eragny 1900
Impressionism specifics
vibrant and light
colours, sometimes
mixed straight on the
canvas, in contrast
with the darker
palettes of traditional
Claude Monet, Antibes seen from the Salis Gardens, 1888
Impressionism specifics
spontanious as
they tried to
capture the
Berthe Morisot, Summer's Day 1879
Claude Monet
• born on November 14, 1840, in
Paris, France
• enrolled in the Academie Suisse
• after an art exhibition in 1874, a
critic insultingly dubbed Monet's
painting style "Impression," since
it was more concerned with form
and light than realism, and the
term stuck.
• Monet struggled with depression,
poverty and illness throughout
his life.
• died in 1926.