5 Themes of Geography - Academy Charter School

5 Themes of Geography
Deborah Ronis
1. Location
Asks where are we?
Location may be absolute or relative.
These locations, whether absolute or relative,
may be of people and places.
An absolute location is a latitude and longitude
or a street address.
Relative locations are described by landmarks,
time, direction or distance from one place to
another and may associate a particular place
with another.
2. Place
What kind of place is it? What do you think of
when you think of China?
 Places have both human and physical
 Physical characteristics includes mountains,
rivers, soils, etc.
 Human characteristics are from ideas and
actions from people that result in changes to
the environment , such as buildings, roads,
clothing, and food habits.
3. Human Environmental Interaction
How do humans and the environment
affect each other?
 We change the environment and the
earth changes it back.
 For example, floods, and earthquakes.
3 key ideas.
 Humans adapt to the environment.
 Humans modify the environment.
 Humans depend on the environment.
4. Movement
The movement of people, the import and
export of goods, and mass
communication have all played major
roles in shaping our world.
 People interact with each other through
 Travel, trade, emails, texts, etc,.
5. Region
A region is the basic unit of study in
 A region is an area that displays a
coherent unity in terms of the
government, language or possibly the
landform or situation.
 Regions are human characteristics that
can be mapped and analyzed.
Formal regions are defined by
governmental or administrative
boundaries (U.S., The Rockies, etc.)
 Functional Regions- defined by functionNewspaper service area, cable service
 Vernacular region- those loosely defined
by people’s perception ( South, the
Middle East)