Generating Investment Ideas Presented by Ryan Rechkemmer September 12, 2012 Sage Advice “It's far better to buy a wonderful company at a fair price than a fair company at a wonderful price.” “I try to buy stock in businesses that are so wonderful that an idiot can run them. Because sooner or later, one will.” “Never invest in a business you can’t understand.” -Warren Buffett Thesis Points Key arguments justifying the pitch Specific to company’s unique situation and investment time horizon Builds on Value-Added Research (VAR) to reveal informational edge and explain variant perception Complements valuation analysis Considers relevant risks Porter’s Five Forces Analysis New Entrants: Low -Established brand name -Intellectual property Threat of New Entrants Bargaining Power of Suppliers Rivalry Among Existing Competitors Threat of Substitute Products or Services Example: Apple, Inc. Suppliers: Low -Economies of scale -Retains pricing power Bargaining Power of Buyers Buyers: Moderate -Significant switching costs -Carrier subsidies Substitutes: Moderate -Indispensible gadgets -Incremental tech change Rivalry: High -Oligopolistic competition -Mimicry and knock-offs Long vs. Short Long Superb management Competitive moat Limited downside risk Underappreciated growth potential Under-reaction to positive news Hidden assets / overstated liabilities Actionable catalysts for outperformance Short Poor management Few barriers to entry Bond downgrade Overly optimistic projections Under-reaction to negative news Acquisition hungry Accounting irregularities Actionable catalysts for underperformance What to Look for Small-cap stocks (market capitalization < $1 B) Overlooked by most analysts Untouched by large investors Likely to be inefficiently valued Foreign companies Same as above, plus offers international diversification (but check with me to make sure that MII can trade it) Special situations Includes IPOs, spin-offs, distressed / post-bankruptcy companies, takeover / buyout targets, etc. Potentially wide disparity between price and value Inherent catalysts to resolve temporary inefficiency News (including online portals like CNBC, Forbes, Bloomberg, etc.) Pros Easily accessible Expert opinions Current events Cons Widely read Potential biases Too broad Investing Websites Pros Timely commentary Individual perspective Very specific focus Detailed analysis Cons Highly opinionated Questionable veracity Possible hidden conflicts of interest Stock Screeners (also applies to industry browsers) Pros Instantly compares stocks by relative valuation, past performance, etc. Cons Purely quantitative Anchoring bias Myopic snapshot Personal Experience Pros Informational asymmetry Discover emerging trends before professional investors Foundational to VAR Cons Potential biases Limited scope Other Resources Professional stock reports (Standard & Poor’s, Thomson Reuters, etc.) Yahoo! Finance stock screeners (http://screener.finance.yahoo.com/newscreener.html) Yahoo! Finance industry browser (http://biz.yahoo.com/p/) Individual company’s annual and quarterly SEC filings (http://www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml) Mutual fund and hedge fund holdings (Blue Ridge Capital, Fidelity Contrafund, etc.) How to Learn More These slides will be made available on MII’s website under the “Research – Presentations” tab, and more information can be found in the “Fundamentals” section. Questions? Thank you!